Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Blackwell Science Ltd  (5)
  • The American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: summary  The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of abutment screw loosening and thus understand the role of frictional and wear factors in abutment screw loosening by using a cyclic loading device to compare Diamond Like Carbon (DLC)-coated and non-coated implants. The properties of DLC films, including hardness, wear resistance, chemical stability, and biocompatibility, are similar to those of real diamond materials. In this study, a 1-μm thick DLC film served to protect and lubricate a layer of commercially-pure titanium affixed to the top of a dental implant (external hexagon-shaped implant). A cyclic loading force was then applied to the top of the prosthetic portion of the implants in order to determine the difference in looseness of the titanium abutment screw between ten DLC-coated implants and ten non-coated implants. The abutment screw loosening tests were performed with 100 N of force at a frequency of 20 Hz. Data indicate that implants with a DLC coating are more resistant to an applied force (P = 0·002) than are those without the coating. We hope these results will be useful for preventing implant abutment screw loosening.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 28 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The chewing cycle is a functional movement, closely related to occlusion, the neuromuscular system and the central nervous system. Although actual chewing paths are complicated and vary from individual to individual, there are two typical patterns. One is more vertical in nature and is similar to a chopping movement. The other is a more lateral type that is similar to a grinding movement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of chewing patterns on occlusal wear. Fifteen subjects exhibiting a chopping–chewing pattern and 15 subjects exhibiting a grinding–chewing pattern were selected using a jaw tracking device. The occlusal wear values, obtained by both ordinal and Woda’s arbitrary scales, and frequencies of non-working facets were calculated for each group. The occlusal wear values in all teeth and in each segment, obtained by the use of the ordinal scale did not vary significantly between the chopping and the grinding type group. However, the occlusal wear values of the grinding type group in all teeth and in posterior teeth segments, obtained by the use of Woda’s arbitrary scale, were significantly greater than those of the chopping type group. Frequencies of non-working facets in posterior teeth showed no significant differences between the groups.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a bleaching agent (30% hydrogen peroxide) on the surface of bovine enamel using a scanning electron microscope and a UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer. Five non-carious bovine incisors were bleached for 0, 1, 2 and 3 days using 30% hydrogen peroxide. The light reflectance spectrum was measured using a spectrophotometer with diffuse reflectance mode. Colour values and colour differences in the teeth were evaluated from the reflectance measurements with the CIE L*a*b* colour coordinate system. Surface alterations in the bleached and unbleached teeth were studied using a scanning electron microscope. The change of reflectance in the teeth was related to the change of colour. Most reflectance change occurred within a 1-day bleaching, and this result was confirmed by a CIE L*a*b* colour coordinate system. The colour differences in the bleached teeth were significant enough to be perceived by the observer's eye. The comparison of bleached to unbleached bovine enamel revealed that the bleached surface showed non-uniform slight morphological alterations, and it developed varying degrees of surface porosity. This study indicates that the bleached bovine teeth showed apparent colour differences as well as slight morphological alterations after bleaching.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary To determine the best molecular method for diagnosing leprosy, two sets of Mycobacterium leprae-specific primers were compared. Fresh biopsies and slit skin smear samples were obtained from 67 leprosy patients and examined by touchdown (TD) PCR using primers amplifying either a 129-bp fragment of the RLEP repetitive sequence or a 360-bp fragment of the 18-kDa protein gene of M. leprae. Seventeen of 30 (56.7%) biopsy specimens and four of 37 (10.8%) slit skin smear specimens were positive using the primer for the 18-kDa protein gene, whereas 24 of 30 (80%) biopsy and 27 of 37 (73%) slit skin smear samples showed detectable PCR products in the RLEP repetitive sequence. Twenty-one of 31 cases (67.7%) with a bacterial index of zero were PCR positive for the primer RLEP repetitive sequence. These results demonstrate that detection of M. leprae using PCR with primers to a RLEP sequence is more sensitive and specific than PCR with the 18-kDa protein gene primers and also slit smears with acid fast staining. PCR of RLEP repetitive sequences is therefore a useful means of detecting M. leprae DNA even when it is present at very low levels.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Thrombopoietin (TPO) is one of the most promising stimulants for ex vivo expansion of haematopoietic stem cells. Previously, we have found that TPO induces a characteristic pattern of apoptosis during ex vivo expansion of human cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells and that the TPO-induced apoptotic cells belong to megakaryocyte (MK) lineage. In this study, we have examined the maturation of MK and platelet production in association with the TPO-induced apoptosis. CD34+ cells, purified from human CB, were expanded in serum-free conditions stimulated with TPO. Apoptosis was confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end labelling (TUNEL) assay and electron microscopy (EM). Simultaneous measurement of DNA content and immunophenotyping revealed that the cells with higher DNA content (〉8 N) constituted less than 5% of the CD41+ fractions until day 14, implying premature apoptosis of MKs before full polyploidization. Nevertheless, EM observation showed not only platelet territories but also newly produced platelets in which granules and microfilaments could be identified. Furthermore, flow cytometry demonstrated that the platelet fraction expressed P-selectin and an activation motif on GPIIb/IIIa recognized by monoclonal antibody PAC-1 upon stimulation with adenosine diphosphate (ADP). In addition, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive materials and nonspecific esterase activities could be demonstrated. Therefore, it is suggested that platelet production and the accompanying processes, rather than apoptosis only, be hastened during the ex vivo expansion of CB CD34+ cells when using TPO.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-01-30
    Description: BACKGROUND: Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) uses cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as an analyte to detect copy-number alterations in the fetal genome. Because maternal and fetal cfDNA contributions are comingled, changes in the maternal genome can manifest as abnormal NIPT results. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) present in cases of maternal neoplasia has the potential to distort the NIPT readout to a degree that prevents interpretation, resulting in a nonreportable test result for fetal aneuploidy. METHODS: NIPT cases that showed a distortion from normal euploid genomic representation were communicated to the caregiving physician as nonreportable for fetal aneuploidy. Follow-up information was subsequently collected for these cases. More than 450000 pregnant patients who submitted samples for clinical laboratory testing 〉3 years are summarized. Additionally, in-depth analysis was performed for 〉79000 research-consented samples. RESULTS: In total, 55 nonreportable NIPT cases with altered genomic profiles were cataloged. Of these, 43 had additional information available to enable follow-up. A maternal neoplasm was confirmed in 40 of these cases: 18 malignant, 20 benign uterine fibroids, and 2 with radiological confirmation but without pathological classification. CONCLUSIONS: In a population of pregnant women who submitted a blood sample for cfDNA testing, an abnormal genomic profile not consistent with fetal abnormalities was detected in about 10 out of 100000 cases. A subset of these observations (18 of 43; 41.9%) was attributed to maternal malignant neoplasms. These observational results suggest the need for a controlled trial to evaluate the potential of using cfDNA as an early biomarker of cancer.
    Keywords: Molecular Diagnostics and Genetics
    Print ISSN: 0009-9147
    Electronic ISSN: 1530-8561
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...