Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The molecular mechanisms underlying cell cycle control in neuronal progenitors have been investigated with adult mouse olfactory epithelium as a model system. Odorreceptive neurons of mammalian olfactory epithelium are short-lived and renewed in the adult by mitotic division of intrinsic neuronal progenitors. Ablation of the synaptic target, olfactory bulb, induces sequentially extensive apoptosis of sensory neurons and then stimulation of progenitor proliferation, peaking at 36 h and 4 days, respectively, postlesion. Known molecular effectors of G1 phase entry have been assessed on protein extracts of olfactory organs sampled at various postbulbectomy times in adult mice. The decay of βIII-tubulin and olfactory marker protein levels and the rise of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) levels, starting 1 and 3 days, respectively, postlesion, provided the kinetic frame of neuronal dynamics. Cyclin D1, cyclin E, and cyclin-dependent kinase cdk2 levels, low in olfactory organ of intact mice, increased 3 days after bulbectomy in parallel with PCNA levels; cdk4 content was initially high and unaffected by lesioning. Western blots of the known cdk inhibitors revealed proliferation-related decreases of p18, p21, and p27 from high expression in intact organs. Immunoprecipitation of cdk2 and cdk4 fractions of protein extracts at 4 days postlesion (mitotic reaction peak) versus control, followed by cyclin D1 immunoblotting, and vice versa, revealed that levels of both cyclin D1/cdk2 and cyclin D1/cdk4 complexes, as well as their kinase activities, were dramatically increased after lesion. In vivo proliferation of olfactory neuronal lineage cells thus involves functional binding of cyclin D1 with cdk2 and cdk4, with differential activation mechanisms for cdk2 and cdk4. In addition, the RT-PCR-detected cyclin D1 mRNA level remained unaffected after bulbectomy, which indicated that the cyclin D1 rise should involve posttranscriptional mechanisms in this in vivo neuronal system. These observations are discussed, along with their relevance to cell cycle control and to olfactory neuron dynamics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Excitatory ATP responses in rat cultured thoracolumbar sympathetic neurones are mediated by somatic P2X2 receptors. The present study investigated a possible role of axonal P2X2 as well as P2X7 receptors on the same preparation. Confocal laser scanning microscopy demonstrated P2X2 and P2X7 immunoreactivity along the axons as well as P2X7 immunoreactivity surrounding the cell nuclei. P2X7 mRNA expression was detected in individual neurones using a single-cell RT–PCR approach. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) caused a significant increase in axonal Ca2+ concentration which was dependent on external Ca2+ but insensitive to depletion of the cellular Ca2+ pools by cyclopiazonic acid. Pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonate (PPADS; 30 µm) virtually abolished the ATP response, whereas brilliant blue G (0.1 µm), a selective P2X7 receptor antagonist, had no effect. Dibenzoyl-ATP (BzATP; 100 µm) induced a much smaller increase in axonal [Ca2+] concentration than ATP at equimolar concentrations. The response to BzATP was distinctly reduced by PPADS but not by brilliant blue G. The overall pharmacological profile of the axonal P2X receptors resembled closely that of the somatic P2X2 receptors. In conclusion, the present data suggest the occurrence of axonal excitatory P2X2 receptors in thoracolumbar sympathetic neurones. However, the functional significance of axonal and (peri)-nuclear P2X7 receptors has still to be proven.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The present study investigated the pharmacological properties of excitatory P2X receptors and P2X2 and P2X5 receptor subunit expression in rat-cultured thoracolumbar sympathetic neurons. In patch-clamp recordings, ATP (3–1000 µm; applied for 1 s) induced inward currents in a concentration-dependent manner. Pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonate (PPADS; 30 µm) counteracted the ATP response. In contrast to ATP, α,β-meATP (30 µm; for 1 s) was virtually ineffective. Prolonged application of ATP (100 µm; 10 s) induced receptor desensitization in a significant proportion of sympathetic neurons in a manner typical for P2X2−2 splice variant-mediated responses. Using single-cell RT-PCR, P2X2, P2X2−2 and P2X5 mRNA expression was detectable in individual tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons; coexpression of both P2X2 isoforms was not observed. Laser scanning microscopy revealed both P2X2 and P2X5 immunoreactivity in virtually every TH-positive neuron. P2X2 immunoreactivity was largely distributed over the cell body, whereas P2X5 immunoreactivity was most distinctly located close to the nucleus. In summary, the present study demonstrates the expression of P2X2, P2X2−2 and P2X5 receptor subunits in rat thoracolumbar neurons. The functional data in conjunction with a preferential membranous localization of P2X2/P2X2−2 compared with P2X5 suggest that the excitatory P2X responses are mediated by P2X2 and P2X2−2 receptors. Apparently there exist two types of P2X2 receptor-bearing sympathetic neurons: one major population expressing the unspliced isoform and another minor population expressing the P2X2−2 splice variant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...