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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 29 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of physiotherapy on rehabilitation of patients who had temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery. The treatment group consisted of 22 post-surgical patients who were treated with physiotherapy, and the non-treatment group consisted of 22 post-surgical patients who received no physiotherapy. The assessment tools were made using visual analogue scale (VAS) and craniomandibular index (CMI) which consisted of dysfunction index (DI) and palpation index (PI). All patients received follow-up for 7 months. The subjects were measured three times; before surgery, 6 weeks after surgery and 7 months after surgery. On the 6 week post-surgery assessment, DI and total CMI scores of the treatment group were significantly lower (P 〈 0·05) than those of the non-treatment group. On the assessment performed 7 months after surgery, all variables were significantly lower (P 〈 0·05) for the treatment group compared with those of the non-treatment group. The findings of the study indicate that physiotherapy has a positive effect in relieving pain and restoring TMJ function after surgery.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 27 (2000), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to compare the mandibular movements of anterior openbite patients using those of normal bite (angle class I) patients, to ascertain which components of mandibular movement are different in the two groups, and to use this information for occlusal treatment. The Saphon Visi-trainer Model 3 and the Denar Pantronic were used to record mandibular movement and a Pantronic survey was performed using an arbitrary hinge axis, according to manufacturer's instructions. The subjects were 43 adults and included 28 subjects presenting with acceptable normal occlusion (angle class I) with no sign of TM dysfunction syndrome (TMD) and 15 subjects with anterior openbite with no anterior guidance. In the anterior openbite group, the average anterior and lateral condylar inclination, maximum opening and the distance between the intercuspal position with retruded contact position distance (anterior–posterior) were significantly lower than normal. The results suggest that in openbite patients the condyle inclination is flatter and the function of the TMJ is more restricted than in the mandibular movements of the normal group. It is hoped that these results will be useful for the correction of the anterior openbite condition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 28 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The chewing cycle is a functional movement, closely related to occlusion, the neuromuscular system and the central nervous system. Although actual chewing paths are complicated and vary from individual to individual, there are two typical patterns. One is more vertical in nature and is similar to a chopping movement. The other is a more lateral type that is similar to a grinding movement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of chewing patterns on occlusal wear. Fifteen subjects exhibiting a chopping–chewing pattern and 15 subjects exhibiting a grinding–chewing pattern were selected using a jaw tracking device. The occlusal wear values, obtained by both ordinal and Woda’s arbitrary scales, and frequencies of non-working facets were calculated for each group. The occlusal wear values in all teeth and in each segment, obtained by the use of the ordinal scale did not vary significantly between the chopping and the grinding type group. However, the occlusal wear values of the grinding type group in all teeth and in posterior teeth segments, obtained by the use of Woda’s arbitrary scale, were significantly greater than those of the chopping type group. Frequencies of non-working facets in posterior teeth showed no significant differences between the groups.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Ota's naevus is among the dermal melanocytoses that show a distinct pattern involving skin innervated by the trigeminal nerve. Most cases present at birth or manifest clinically in early childhood. Cases of acquired lesions in adult onset have been reported rarely. We present two cases of late onset Ota's naevus which were confirmed by skin biopsies. Both patients underwent Q-switched alexandrite laser treatment with a dose of 8.0 J/cm2 given four or five times at 6 weekly intervals and showed some improvement.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Cutaneous manifestations of Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia (WM) include purpura, ulcers, urticaria, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, and immunobullous dermatoses. No association has been reported previously of WM and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. A 40-year-old female HBV carrier was admitted to hospital because of generalized oedema, oliguria, haematuria, hypertension, fever and blood-tinged sputum. Cutaneous manifestations included generalized petechiae, palpable purpura mainly on the legs, multiple necrotic ulcerations and gangrenous changes on the toes, and necrotic, giant confluent reticulate purpura on the trunk surmounted by several tense bullae. Laboratory investigations revealed monoclonal gammopathy of IgM kappa type (6.7 g/L), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis associated with HBV infection, Bence Jones proteinuria, and an increased number of abnormal plasmacytoid cells in the bone marrow. Pathologic examination demonstrated immune complex-mediated vasculitis with deposits of IgM in the walls of dermal vessels and secondary subepidermal bulla formation. HBV infection may have caused WM or modified the clinical course in this fatal case.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We report multiple occurrences of various kinds of tumours that originate from hair follicles in a patient diagnosed with KID (keratitis, ichthyosis, deafness) syndrome. These tumours are diagnosed as: (i) trichilemmal cysts in early lesions; (ii) proliferating trichilemmal tumours in moderate duration lesions; and (iii) malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumours in advanced lesions that are thought to progress from benign trichilemmal lesions. This three-step process raises the hypothesis of a multihit model that could account for the frequent development of tumours in KID patients.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Trichosporon cutaneum, a saprophytic fungal organism normally found in the soil, has been increasingly recognized as a cause of life-threatening systemic illness in immunosuppressed patients including those with leukaemia. Cutaneous involvement occurs in about 30% of patients with T. cutaneum septicaemia although disseminated folliculitis has not been described to our knowledge. We now describe a case of T. cutaneum follicultis due to fungaemia in a neutropenic patient.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A number of anticancer drugs are known to produce pigmentary changes affecting the skin or nails. Among them, cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum)-induced hyperpigmentation has been described previously in only two cases. We describe an unusual case with hyperpigmentation confined to periungal areas of the hands and feet after treatment with cisplatin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease commonly presents with cervical lymphadenopathy accompanied by fever, myalgia, neutropaenia, and rarely cutaneous eruption. Most cutaneous lesions present as erythematous macules, papules, plaques, nodules, or ulcers on the upper part of the body such as trunk, upper extremities, and face. We present a case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease with a papulopustular eruption on the whole body including the lower extremities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a bleaching agent (30% hydrogen peroxide) on the surface of bovine enamel using a scanning electron microscope and a UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer. Five non-carious bovine incisors were bleached for 0, 1, 2 and 3 days using 30% hydrogen peroxide. The light reflectance spectrum was measured using a spectrophotometer with diffuse reflectance mode. Colour values and colour differences in the teeth were evaluated from the reflectance measurements with the CIE L*a*b* colour coordinate system. Surface alterations in the bleached and unbleached teeth were studied using a scanning electron microscope. The change of reflectance in the teeth was related to the change of colour. Most reflectance change occurred within a 1-day bleaching, and this result was confirmed by a CIE L*a*b* colour coordinate system. The colour differences in the bleached teeth were significant enough to be perceived by the observer's eye. The comparison of bleached to unbleached bovine enamel revealed that the bleached surface showed non-uniform slight morphological alterations, and it developed varying degrees of surface porosity. This study indicates that the bleached bovine teeth showed apparent colour differences as well as slight morphological alterations after bleaching.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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