Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Diagnosis of scabies infection can be difficult as in many cases only few mites are present on an infected person, and in some cases the skin manifestations can be subtle or atypical. We describe the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify Sarcoptes scabiei DNA in a patient presenting with clinically atypical eczema. Cutaneous scales were PCR positive for S. scabiei DNA before, and negative 2 weeks after, therapy. This method facilitates fast and very sensitive diagnosis of clinically atypical or inapparent scabies infection and therapy control in severely affected patients and may help to identify previously unrecognized scabies cases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1468-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Detection of cutaneous infections with herpes simplex virus (HSV) has proven difficult, as serum antibody tests sometimes are not sensitive and specific enough for that purpose.Objective This study was conducted to compare the sensitivity for detection of HSV of an immunofluorescence method (Syva Microtrak) and an internally controlled PCR.Methods Cutaneous swabs from skin lesions were analysed by immunofluorescence separately for HSV types 1 and 2 and by competitive PCR. Detection of PCR products was done by ELISA, if positive additionally by agarose gel electrophoresis.Results Of 79 samples 34 were PCR-positive by ELISA (34 = 100%), of which 23 (68%) were also positive on the agarose gel. Eleven samples (32%) were positive by immunofluorescence. No sample was positive by immunofluorescence and negative by PCR.Conclusions These results demonstrate that immunofluorescence using Syva Microtrak is not suitable for exclusion of herpes simplex virus infection as sensitivity was only 32%. However, as immunofluorescence is cheaper and faster than PCR, first screening can be done with immunofluorescence, and negative samples can be investigated by PCR to finally prove or exclude the presence of HSV DNA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1468-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Shingles are caused by an endogenous or exogenous reinfection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). Up to 50% of individuals with Hodgkin's disease develop herpes zoster; however, no association could be shown between the occurrence of herpes zoster and underlying subclinical malignancies.Objective This study was conducted to investigate whether VZV DNA could be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the blood of herpes zoster patients and whether there was an association between VZV viraemia and previous or concurrent neoplasias.Methods At least five blood samples from 28 patients with herpes zoster were investigated by internally controlled PCR enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay prior to and during therapy with aciclovir.Results None of 13 patients, two with a history of neoplasia and two with a neoplasia at the time of the study, showed any signs of viraemia with VZV, and 14 patients had inconsistent viraemia, one with a history of neoplasia and two with neoplasia at the time of the study. In one patient VZV DNA was detected in the blood for 6 days. This patient died soon after from metastatic malignant melanoma.Conclusions VZV viraemia may occur during herpes zoster episodes, even in patients without evidence of immunosuppression; however, this viraemia is, in most cases, inconsistent and does not provide any specific information concerning underlying unrecognized malignancies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2826
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Members of the Toll receptor (Tlr) family have a crucial role in the innate immune response following bacterial infection. The effects of Gram-negative bacteria-derived endotoxins (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) are predominantly mediated by Tlr4, and we have recently shown that pituitary folliculostellate cells express functional Tlr4. In the present study, we investigated whether Tlr4 is also present in normal and transformed endocrine epithelial pituitary cell types. By reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Tlr4 mRNA expression was found in some pituitary epithelial tumour cell lines (AtT20, HP75), whereas others were negative (GH3, αT3-1). Tlr4 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry in a few epithelial cells in normal human anterior pituitaries and in 26 out of 67 human pituitary tumours analysed. LPS had no effect on adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion in Tlr4-positive AtT20 cells, but it suppressed the growth of these cells in a dose-dependent manner. As expected, neither hormone secretion, nor growth of Tlr4-negative GH3 cells was affected by LPS. In cell cultures of Tlr4-positive pituitary adenomas, LPS dose-dependently stimulated the production of interleukin (IL)-6, which is known to induce growth and hormone production in pituitary tumours. The LPS-induced IL-6 production was blocked by the specific p38αMAP kinase inhibitor, SB203580, and by the synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone. The data suggest that, during Gram-negative bacteria-induced infections or inflammatory processes, LPS could affect pituitary tumour pathophysiology and progression in the subset of Tlr4-expressing pituitary adenomas.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...