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  • 1
    ISSN: 1439-0264
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Changes in cell density and size in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) of the retina were studied in chick embryos and post-hatching chicks. The total number of cells in the GCL increased from 3.64 million at embryonic day 8 (E8) to the maximal 7.85 million at E14. After E14, the number of cells decreased to 6.08 million at post-hatching day 1 (P1) and 4.87 million at P8. Cell density in the GCL decreased unevenly according to retinal regions; cell density in the presumptive central area (pCA) of P8-chicks decreased to approximately 45% of that in E8-embryos. Densities of the nasal peripheral retina (NP) and temporal peripheral retina (TP) of P8-chicks decreased to 23 and 18% of E8-embryos, respectively. Differentiation of the central (44 000 cells/mm2 in pCA) – peripheral (28 000 cells/mm2 in TP) gradient in cell density was formed by E8. The presumptive dorsal area (pDA) was shaped by E11, but became obscure with age. Although ganglion cell sizes were basically uniform at E8, differentiation occurred with the appearance of larger ganglion cells after E14. Mean size of retinal ganglion cells increased 2.8-fold in the pCA and 3.8-fold in the TP between E8 and P8, accompanying a similar scale of decreases in cell densities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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