Linda Sutherland, Madeleine Ruhe, Daniela Gattegno-Ho, Karanjit Mann, Jennifer Greaves, Magdalena Koscielniak, Stephen Meek, Zen Lu, Martin Waterfall, Ryan Taylor, Anestis Tsakiridis, Helen Brown, Sutherland K. Maciver, Anagha Joshi, Michael Clinton, Luke H. Chamberlain, Austin Smith, and Tom Burdon The cytokine leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) promotes self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) through activation of the transcription factor Stat3. However, the contribution of other ancillary pathways stimulated by LIF in ESCs, such as the MAPK and PI3K pathways, is less well understood. We show here that naive-type mouse ESCs express high levels of a novel effector of the MAPK and PI3K pathways. This effector is an isoform of the Gab1 (Grb2-associated binder protein 1) adaptor protein that lacks the N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) membrane-binding domain. Although not essential for rapid unrestricted growth of ESCs under optimal conditions, the novel Gab1 variant (Gab1β) is required for LIF-mediated cell survival under conditions of limited nutrient availability. This enhanced survival is absolutely dependent upon a latent palmitoylation site that targets Gab1β directly to ESC membranes. These results show that constitutive association of Gab1 with membranes through a novel mechanism promotes LIF-dependent survival of murine ESCs in nutrient-poor conditions.