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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-03-06
    Description: Spike density and processing quality are important traits in modern wheat production and are controlled by multiple gene loci. The associated genes have been intensively studied and new discoveries have been constantly reported during the past few decades. However, no gene playing a significant role in the development of these two traits has been identified. In the current study, a common wheat mutant with extremely compact spikes and good processing quality was isolated and characterized. A new allele ( Q c1 ) of the Q gene (an important domestication gene) responsible for the mutant phenotype was cloned, and the molecular mechanism for the mutant phenotype was studied. Results revealed that Q c1 originated from a point mutation that interferes with the miRNA172-directed cleavage of Q transcripts, leading to its overexpression. It also reduces the longitudinal cell size of rachises, resulting in an increased spike density. Furthermore, Q c1 increases the number of vascular bundles, which suggests a higher efficiency in the transportation of assimilates in the spikes of the mutant than that of wild type. This accounts for the improved processing quality. The effects of Q c1 on spike density and wheat processing quality were confirmed by analyzing nine common wheat mutants possessing four different Q c alleles. These results deepen our understanding of the key roles of Q gene, and provide new insights for the potential application of Q c alleles in wheat quality breeding.
    Electronic ISSN: 2160-1836
    Topics: Biology
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-12-07
    Description: The plant circadian clock allows the synchronization of internal physiological responses to match the predicted environment. HSP90.2 is a molecular chaperone that has been previously described as required for the proper functioning of the Arabidopsis oscillator under both ambient and warm temperatures. Here, we have characterized the circadian phenotype of the hsp90.2-3 mutant. As previously reported using pharmacological or RNA interference inhibitors of HSP90 function, we found that hsp90.2-3 lengthens the circadian period and that the observed period lengthening was more exaggerated in warm–cold-entrained seedlings. However, we observed no role for the previously identified interactors of HSP90.2, GIGANTEA and ZEITLUPPE, in HSP90 -mediated period lengthening. We constructed phase-response curves (PRCs) in response to warmth pulses to identify the entry point of HSP90.2 to the oscillator. These PRCs revealed that hsp90.2-3 has a circadian defect within the morning. Analysis of the cca1 , lhy , prr9 , and prr7 mutants revealed a role for CCA1, LHY, and PRR7, but not PRR9, in HSP90.2 action to the circadian oscillator. Overall, we define a potential pathway for how HSP90.2 can entrain the Arabidopsis circadian oscillator.
    Print ISSN: 0016-6731
    Topics: Biology
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