Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Dihydroorotate dehydrogenases are flavin-containing enzymes which catalyze the conversion of (S)-dihydroorotate to orotate. Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase B (DHODB) from Lactococcus lactis is a heterotetramer containing two subunits of the protein encoded by the pyrDb gene (PyrDB) and two subunits of the protein encoded by the pyrK gene (PyrK). In addition, DHODB contains two molecules of flavin mononucleotide, two molecules of flavin adenine dinucleotide and two [2Fe–2S] iron–sulfur clusters as tightly bound cofactors. Yellow crystals of this enzyme have been grown using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique from solutions of 2.5 M ammonium sulfate and 0.1 M sodium acetate, pH 4.6. The crystals have been shown to contain both the PyrDB and the PyrK subunits and fluorescence measurements indicate that the two different subunits interact very closely with each other in the active-site region. Native data sets have been collected to 2.6 Å with a conventional X-ray source and to 2.2 Å using synchrotron radiation. The crystals are rhombohedral, space group R32, with correspondin8 hexagonal unit-cell dimensions a = b = 202.3 and c = 81.0 Å. The asymmetric unit in the crystal contains one PyrDB subunit and one PyrK subunit, which suggests that the two halves of the heterotetramer are related by a crystallographic twofold axis.
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