Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The three-dimensional structure of the extracellular region of a 60 kDa class II major histocompatibility glycoprotein, HLA-DR1, was determined to 3.3 Å by X-ray crystallography using three crystal forms, each containing two molecules per asymmetric unit. Phases were initially determined to 4.2 Å using two crystal forms both containing DR1 from human lymphocytes complexed with a mixture of endogenous peptides. One of these crystal forms also contained a 28 kDa superantigen, Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB), bound to each DR1 molecule. Single-isomorphous replacement phasing followed by iterative two- and fourfold non-crystallographic real-space averaging between the two crystal forms resulted in 4.2 Å resolution electron-density maps from which the paths of the polypeptides could be traced. Cryocrystallography and synchrotron radiation were then used to extend the resolution to 3.3 Å for the two lymphocyte-derived crystal forms and for a third crystal form grown from DR1 produced in insect cells and complexed in vitro with a specific antigenic peptide. Iterative sixfold non-crystallographic real-space averaging resulted in an electron- density map into which 340 of 371 residues could be fit unambiguously. Crystal contacts and the existence of a parallel dimer of the DR1 αβ heterodimer in the three crystal forms are discussed.
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