Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
The application of resonant (anomalous) scattering techniques to ab initio structure solution from powder data is demonstrated for the compound SrSO4. This material is orthorhombic, in space group Pnma (a = 8.359, b = 5.351, c = 6.869 Å, Z = 4), with 11 variable atomic positional parameters, and gives a fairly complex powder pattern with many overlapping peaks. Accurate high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data were obtained at three energies: 14, 225 and 5133 eV below the Sr K edge. From combinations of two of the three data-sets, partial Patterson densities were derived and used to phase the 71 uniquely resolved reflections, allowing a complete solution of the rest of the structure. Maximum entropy methods were found to be far superior to standard Fourier methods in the reconstruction of the electron-density distribution. The techniques of data collection, analysis and phase determination required for resonant scattering experiments of this type are described in detail.
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