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  • Munksgaard International Publishers  (1)
  • 2000-2004  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The mechanisms regulating stomatal response following exposure to low (5°C) soil temperature were investigated in aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) seedlings. Low soil temperature reduced stomatal conductance within 4 h, but did not alter shoot xylem pressure potential within 24 h. The xylem sap composition was altered and its pH increased from 6.5 to 7.1 within the initial 4 h of the low temperature treatment. However, the increase in abscisic acid (ABA) concentration in xylem sap was observed later, after 8 h of treatment. These changes were accompanied by a reduction in the electrical conductivity and an increase in the osmotic potential of the xylem sap. The timing of physiological responses to low soil temperature suggests that the rapid pH change of the xylem sap and accompanying changes in ion concentration were the initial factors which triggered stomatal closure in low temperature-treated seedlings, and that the role of the more slowly accumulating ABA was likely to reinforce the stomatal closure. When leaf discs were exposed to xylem sap extracted from low soil temperature-treated plants, stomatal aperture was negatively correlated with ABA and positively correlated with K+ concentrations of the xylem sap. The stomatal opening in the leaf discs linearly increased in response to exogenous KCl concentrations when K+ concentrations were in the similar range to those detected in the xylem sap. The lowest concentration of exogenous ABA to induce stomatal closure was several-fold higher compared with the concentration present in the xylem sap.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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