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  • Articles  (4)
  • Blackwell Science Inc  (2)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers  (2)
  • 2000-2004  (4)
  • 1980-1984
  • 2003  (4)
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  • Articles  (4)
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  • 2000-2004  (4)
  • 1980-1984
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-079X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Recently, a species-dependent distribution of melatonin binding sites have been found in lamina I–V and lamina X of the spinal cord. In order to learn more about the function of spinal melatonin receptors, we investigated (i) the gene expression for melatonin receptor subtypes in lumbar and thoracal spinal cord tissue by means of the reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique, and (ii) the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of melatonin receptors heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes after injection of spinal cord mRNA by means of the voltage clamp technique. Because ample evidence indicates an antinociceptive effect of melatonin, (iii) the role of spinal melatonin receptors for maintaining mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia was studied in a rat model for postoperative pain. The RT-PCR data revealed that transcripts for MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors are present in the dorsal and ventral horn of lumbar and thoracal spinal cord tissue. Injection of mRNA from lumbar spinal cord tissue into Xenopus oocytes led to the functional reconstitution of melatonin receptors which activate calcium-dependent chloride inward currents. Melatonin responses were abolished by simultaneous administration of the antagonists, 2-phenylmelatonin and luzindole and were unaffected by the MT2 antagonist 4-phenyl-2-propionamidotetralin. Intrathecal administration of different melatonin doses (10–100 nmol) did not inhibit mechanical or thermal hyperalgesia. However, intrathecal application of a low dose of morphine together with melatonin caused a brief antinociceptive effect suggesting an enhanced morphine analgesia by melatonin. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated for the first time the presence of transcripts of MT1 and MT2 receptors located in the dorsal and ventral horn of the spinal cord. Furthermore, spinal melatonin enhanced the antinociceptive effect of morphine indicating that melatonin acts as a neuromodulator in the spinal cord.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148 , USA , and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1542-474X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is characterized by progressive replacement of RV myocardium with fibro-adipose tissue thought to be responsible for the presence of late potentials (LP) detected by SAECG. The general consensus on the role of SAECG in the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with ARVD is lacking. The purpose of this systematic review was to better define the role of SAECG in ARVD. Methods: An extensive review of literature was done to specifically describe the prevalence of LP in ARVD and its determinants, explore the various options available to improve the diagnostic ability of SAECG, and provide recommendations for proper utilization of this technique. Results: LPs are frequent in ARVD (47–100%), and more prevalent in severe disease and in patients with documented spontaneous VT. SAECG is a useful test in following the characteristic evolutivity of the disease. 4–16% of normal family members of patients with ARVD also have abnormal SAECG results. Detection of LP in ARVD can be improved by employing a high-pass filter of 25 Hz and specifically looking for changes in the Z leads. Conclusions: SAECG testing should be considered a standard part of the evaluation of patients with known or suspected ARVD. Further research is needed to confirm the value of SAECG testing in predicting arrhythmia risk and assessing the rate of disease progression, as well as to determine if greater prevalence of SAECG abnormalities in family members of patients with ARVD represents early detection of ARVD. The ongoing multidisciplinary study of right ventricular dysplasia will hopefully answer some of these questions.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    350 Main Street , Malden , MA 02148-5018 , USA , and 9600 Garsington Road , Oxford OX4 2DQ , UK . : Blackwell Science Inc
    ISSN: 1540-8167
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Introduction: Atrial arrhythmias have emerged as a topic of great interest for clinical electrophysiologists. Noninvasive imaging of electrical function in humans may be useful for computer-aided diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, which can be accomplished by the fusion of data from ECG mapping and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods and Results: In this study, a bidomain-theory–based surface heart model activation time (AT) imaging approach was applied to paced rhythm data from four patients. Pacing sites were the right superior pulmonary vein, left inferior pulmonary vein, left superior pulmonary vein, coronary sinus, posterior wall of right atrium, and high right atrium. For coronary sinus pacing, the AT pattern of the right atrium was compared with a CARTO map. The root mean square error between CARTO geometry (85 nodal points) and the surface model of the right atrium was 8.6 mm. The correlation coefficient of the noninvasively obtained AT map of the right atrium and the CARTO map was 0.76. All pulmonary vein pacing sites were identified. The reconstructed pacing site of right posterior atrial pacing correlates with the invasively determined pacing catheter position with a localization distance of 4 mm. Conclusion: The individual anatomic model of the atria of each patient enables accurate noninvasive AT imaging within the atria, resulting in a localization error for the pacing sites within 10 mm. Our findings may have implications for imaging of atrial activity in patients with focal arrhythmias or focal triggers. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 14, pp. 712-719, July 2003)
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The surface structure, in particular the surface roughness, and the surface chemistry of titanium implants influence their anchoring in bone. The aim of this study was to analyse metal–bone contact (MBC) after modification of the implant surface, using different materials for blasting. The surface modification of titanium was produced by blasting it with particles made of Al2O3 or bioceramics. The biological effects were then investigated experimentally using 27 rabbits, analysed after 7, 28 and 84 days after the implantation of titanium cylinders treated accordingly. The MBC showed a tendency for more bone after bioceramics were used as a blasting material, compared to Al2O3.
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