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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0560
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein DNA polymerase that is capable of synthesizing telomeres onto the ends of chromosomes. The cumulative loss of telomerase activity is believed to be associated with cell senescence. Telomerase activity has been shown to be higher in malignant melanomas than in common melanocytic nevi. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the pattern of expression of the human telomerase RNA (hTER) component in routinely processed specimens of Spitz nevi, malignant melanomas, and ordinary melanocytic nevi.Methods:  Ten specimens of each type of tumor were studied, using an in situ hybridization technique.Results:  All three types of tumors demonstrated moderate to high intensities of hTER expression, usually in more than half of the tumor cells, and the majority of the studied lesions in each group did not show stratification of staining. The hTER component was also detected in the epidermis, sweat glands, and pilosebaceous units.Conclusions:  hTER levels do not necessarily correlate with the level of telomerase activity, and the level and pattern of hTER expression are not useful as an adjunct to the histologic differential diagnosis of Spitz nevi from melanocytic nevi and malignant melanomas.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Immunological reviews 200 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-065X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary:  The development of mature B and T cells in the lymphoid system involves a series of molecular decisions that culminate in the expression of a single antigen receptor on the cell surface, a phenomenon termed allelic exclusion. While feedback inhibition of the recombinase-activation gene proteins evidently plays an important role in the maintenance of allelic exclusion, the initial restriction of rearrangement to only one allele in each cell seems to be achieved through monoallelic epigenetic changes. Epigenetic mechanisms involved in the establishment of allelic exclusion also play a central role in other types of monoallelic expression, including X-chromosome inactivation in female cells, and parental imprinting. In all three systems, the inequality of the two alleles seems to be achieved mainly by differential DNA methylation, asynchronous DNA replication, differential chromatin modifications, unequal nuclear localization, and non-coding RNA. In this review, we discuss the unifying features among these monoallelically expressed systems and the unique characteristics displayed by each of them.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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