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  • Munksgaard International Publishers  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: TNF-α is known to play an important role in UV-induced immunomodulation and photodamage. It plays a role in UVB-mediated induction of apoptosis and is a strong inducer of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, which eventually leads to the loss of dermal collagen and elastin content. Recently chimeric anti-TNF-α has been introduced as a therapy for rheumatoid arthritis.The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of anti-TNF-α treatment on UV-induced DNA damage, apoptosis, and induction of matrix metallo proteinases.Twelve patients with rheumatoid arthritis were included and irradiated with 2 MED broadband UVB before and after administration of 0.5 mg/kg anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody. Twenty-four hours after irradiation biopsies were taken. Frozen and paraffin sections were stained for p53, c-Jun, phosphorylated c-Jun, sunburn cells and MMP-1.No significant changes were observed in the expression of p53 and sunburn cells and MMP-1 content after treatment with anti-TNF-alpha, whereas a slight but significant decrease in c-Jun and phosphorylated c-Jun expression was noted (P = 0.0250 and P = 0.0431, respectively).Our results showed no influence of anti-TNF-α on UV response at therapeutic doses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract:  Since Fischer reported on the superiority of 313 nm UVB compared with broad band UVB in the treatment of psoriasis, narrow band UVB has become the main phototherapeutical modality in several countries. There is some discussion about the safety and photobiological effects of narrow band UVB. In the present study, narrow and broad band UVB have been compared with respect to parameters for photodamage and inflammation. Fourteen healthy volunteers were randomized in two groups. Both groups were irradiated with three minimal erythema doses (MED) of narrow or broad band UVB, respectively. Before and 4, 24 and 48 h after irradiation, 6 mm biopsies were taken for immunohistochemical analysis of p53, apoptosis and p16 (photodamage parameters) and T-cells, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and Langerhans' cells (inflammatory cells). Mean MED for narrow band UVB was 8.125 times higher than broad band UVB. Significant changes in expression were seen for all parameters except for p16. P53, apoptosis, T-cells and PMN increased, while Langerhans' cell count decreased significantly. No significant differences were seen between the narrow and broad band UVB. In conclusion, following irradiation of three MED narrow band UVB and broad band UVB safety parameters for carcinogenesis and inflammation were induced to the same extent. As narrow band UVB is more effective than broad band UVB, the present study suggests superiority of narrow band UVB as a treatment with a better benefit risk ratio.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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