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  • Munksgaard International Publishers  (5)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Currently, 3 treatment options are available for patients with denture complaints and an edentulous mandible with a height of at least 15 mm: meticulous construction of a new set of dentures (CD), construction of a new set of dentures following preprosthetic surgery to enlarge the denture-bearing area (PPS), and construction of an implant-retained mandibular overdenture (IRO). The aim of this study was to evaluate patient satisfaction and subjective chewing ability of edentulous patients treated with one of these treatment modalities. Ninety edentulous patients (Cawood class IV and V, mean mandibular height 20.7 mm) were randomly assigned to receive 1 of these 3 groups. Denture satisfaction and chewing ability were assessed using questionnaires focusing on denture-related complaints and problems chewing different types of food were assessed before treatment, and 1- and 5-years after treatment. At the 1-year evaluation, significantly better scores were observed in the 2 surgical groups (IRO, PPS) than in the CD group. At 5-year evaluation the “complaints of the lower denture” showed a significantly better score in the IRO group when compared to the PPS and CD groups. No significant differences were observed between the PPS and CD group. From this study it is concluded that both in the short and long term denture satisfaction appears most favourable in the IRO group when compared to the PPS and CD groups. Implant-retained overdentures are therefore a satisfactory treatment modality for edentulous patients with problems with their lower denture, even in cases of not severely resorbed mandibles.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Between 1987 and 1990, 57 edentulous patients were treated with overdentures supported by 2 endosseous IMZ implants connected by a bar in the lower jaw. The condition of the peri-implant tissue was evaluated for a loading period ranging from 12 to 57 months (mean 30 months and median 24 months). The evaluation parameters included Plaque Index, Bleeding Index, Gingiva Index, pocket depth, dysesthesia of chin or lip, peri-implant bone loss and loss of implants. During the healing phase prior to the construction of an overdenture, 3 implants were lost. After a healing period of 6 months, these implants were successfully replaced. During the follow-up period, a Plaque Index ≤1 was observed in 45 patients and an abundance of plaque and calculus was observed in 1 patient. Heavy or profuse bleeding and severe gingival inflammation was observed in 3 patients. The mean pocket depth was 3.6±1.7 mm. None of the patients experienced lip or chin dysesthesia. Marginal bone loss was observed around 30 (26%) implants. From this study it is concluded that, once proper osseointegration is obtained, 2 IMZ implants connected with a bar in the lower jaw supply a proper base for the support of an overdenture; the condition of the peri-implant tissues is steady and independent of the follow-up time.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this prospective comparative study was to evaluate the condition of the peri-implant tissues of three different implant systems supporting a mandibular overdenture. Ninety edentulous patients (Cawood class V–VI) participated in this study. After randomization, 30 patients were treated with 2 Brånemark implants, 30 patients with 2 IMZ implants and 30 patients with 2 ITI implants. The implants were inserted in the canine region of the mandible. After 3 months overdentures were fabricated supported by a round bar and clip attachment. A standardized clinical and radiographic evaluation was performed 0,6 and 12 months after insertion of the denture. The intra-oral radiographs were made, using the long-cone technique with an aiming device. Two implants were lost (1 Brånemark, 1 IMZ) during the healing period. None of the patients showed any sensory change in lip or chin region. The pocket depth in the Brinemark group decreased significantly whereas the mucosa recession increased significantly in both the Brånemark as well as in the IMZ group. After 12 months, there was significantly less bone loss in the ITI group. From our study it was concluded that 2 (Brånemark, IMZ or ITI) implants placed in the interforaminal region connected with a bar supply a proper base for the support of a mandibular overdenture in the (Cawood V–VI) edentulous patient. The ITI implant appears to be the implant of choice for mandibular overdenture therapy. because only one operation is required for a comparable result.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate a set of clinical items and prosthetic aftercare of edentulous patients with a mandibular overdenture retained by 2 IMZ implants or 2 Brånemark implants during a 5-years' period. Patients were allocated to the IMZ group (n=29) or the Brånemark group (n=32) by a computerized balancing method. In the IMZ group 4 implants were lost during the 5-years' follow-up (survival rate: 93%). In the Brånemark group 9 implants were lost (survival rate: 86%). All patients were re-operated successfully. Multiple prosthetic revisions were necessary in both groups, especially the precision attachment system in the overdenture was subject to frequent fracture or loosening. From this study can be concluded that there is no difference in clinical state, radiographical state, survival rate and clinical implant performance between the IMZ implant system and the Brånemark implant system supporting an overdenture on 2 implants after 5 years of follow-up.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare clinical aspects and satisfaction during the first year following treatment and consecutively the change in treatment during the next 4 years of follow-up. Patients were allocated to one of the following treatment modalities: an implant-retained overdenture (IRO-group, 2 endosseous implants, n=61) or a complete denture (CD-group, n=60). One year after placement of the denture, unsatisfied patients of the CD-group got the opportunity for a retreatment including an implant-retained overdenture. In the IRO-group 4 implants were lost during the first year and again 4 implants were lost during the next 4 years (survival rate: 93%). All patients could be re-operated successfully. In the CD-group 14 patients (23%) chose an implant-retained overdenture after 1 year. Patients of the IRO-group were significantly more satisfied than patients of the CD-group after 1 year (satisfaction score 8.3 versus 6.6, scale l–10) and after 5 years (7.4 versus 6.4). From this study it can be concluded that endosseous implants have a high survival rate after 5-years' follow-up. Satisfaction score of the IRO-group is diminishing in time, probably because patients get used to an improved situation. After 5 years, the mean satisfaction score of the CD-group (including patients who got implants) was still lower than of the IRO-group, in spite of the opportunity to a retreatment and have implant-retained overdentures.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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