Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
In ectomycorrhizae auxins are proposed to attenuate elicitor-induced defence reactions in the host plant. To examine this hypothesis we compared the elicitor-induced accumulation of peroxidase isoforms between suspension-cultured spruce (Picea abies[L.] Karst.) cells incubated in media with and without auxins. In spruce cells changes in ionically and covalently wall-bound as well as symplasmic peroxidase (EC 22.214.171.124) activities were observed when elicitors from the following fungal species were applied: (1) Hebeloma crustuliniforme, an ectomycorrhizal partner of spruce; (2) Suillus variegatus, an ectomycorrhizal fungus incompatible with spruce; (3) Heterobasidion annosum, a spruce pathogen. Activity staining after SDS-PAGE and western blotting showed an accumulation of an ionically wall-bound 38-kDa peroxidase isoform. In addition, two covalently wall-bound isoforms (34 and 53 kDa) that could be released from spruce cell walls by cellulase and pectinase treatment were also induced by elicitors from these fungi. Moreover, in cells cultured without auxins all the elicitors triggered a rapid and transient accumulation of ionically wall-bound peroxidases, which reached a maximum activity 48 h after elicitor application. This early and transient peroxidase accumulation was diminished and delayed in cells cultured in the presence of auxins. In contrast, activity of peroxidases released into the culture medium of spruce cells or into the medium of protoplasts was suppressed by the elicitors of Hebeloma crustuliniforme. However, this suppression was attenuated by the action of auxins. It is suggested that under natural conditions, in infected spruce roots, the elicitors of the compatible fungus cause both suppression of the peroxidase (which is secreted to the free space of the roots), and induction of wall-bound and symplasmic peroxidases. On the other hand, auxins synthesized by the fungus could weaken these different elicitor-mediated effects.
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