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  • 1
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and D. farinae (Df) mites are the most important source of indoor aeroallergens. Most Dp mite allergens identified to date have relatively low molecular weights (MWs). Identification of high-MW mite allergens is a crucial step in characterizing the complete spectrum of mite allergens and to provide appropriate tools for diagnostic and therapeutic application.Methods:  The full-length Der p 11 cDNA clone was isolated using cDNA library immunoscreening, the 5′–3′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) system and polymerase chain reactions (PCR). The whole cDNA insert and its PCR-derived DNA fragments (p1 to p4) were generated and expressed in the Escherichia coli expression system. The allergenicity of the recombinant protein and its peptide fragments was examined by IgE immunodot assays. The IgE-binding reactivity of rDer p 11 was analyzed in the serum of 50 asthmatic children with positive reactivity to Dp mite extract. Its recombinant peptide fragments were also examined by immunodot assays in 30 mite-allergic children.Results:  Der p 11 cDNA consists of a 2625-bp open reading frame encoding a 103-kDa protein with 875 amino acids. It exhibits significant homology with the paramyosin of other invertebrates. The protein sequence alignment of this newly identified Dp mite allergen (denominated as Der p 11) revealed over 89% identity with Der f 11 and Blo t 1. Among 50 Dp-sensitive asthmatic children, rDer p 11 showed positive IgE-binding reactivity to 39 patients (78%). Using immunodot assays, multiple human IgE-binding activities were demonstrated in all four fragments of Der p 11. Using immunoblot assays, the dominant IgG-binding epitope for monoclonal antibody (mAb642) was located in fragment p3 only. In immunoblot assays, cross-inhibition between rDer p 11 and rDer f 11 was up to 73–80% at concentrations of 100 μg/ml.Conclusions:  This study confirms that the newly identified recombinant Der p 11 is a novel and important high-MW Dp mite allergen for asthmatic children. Our data also indicates that human IgE-binding major epitopes are scattered over the entire molecule of Der p 11.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  We have identified previously that Penicillium citrinum is the most prevalent Penicillium species in the Taipei area. It is important to delineate the whole spectrum of allergenic components of this prevalent airborne fungus. The purpose of this study was to identify novel P. citrinum allergens through molecular cloning of allergen genes using a cDNA library of P. citrinum and sera from patients with bronchial asthma.Methods:  A lambda-Uni-ZAP XR-based cDNA library of P. citrinum was screened with sera from asthmatic patients. An IgE-binding cDNA clone was isolated and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. The frequency of IgE-binding to the expressed protein and the IgE reactivity to allergen subunits were analyzed by immunoblotting.Results:  An IgE-reactive cDNA clone (clone B) was isolated by plaque immunoassay. The cDNA insert is 876-bp long and encodes a 228-amino acid polypeptide with a calculated molecular mass of 25 035 Da. Protein database search with the deduced clone B sequence revealed that 121 (53%) and 82 (36%) of the 228 amino acids were identical to those of the elongation factor 1-beta (EF-1β) proteins from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the parasite Echinococcus granulosus, respectively. His-tagged recombinant clone B proteins were constructed and expressed in E. coli. Seven (8%) of the 92 serum samples from patients with bronchial asthma showed IgE-binding to the recombinant clone B protein. Among these seven positive sera, five demonstrated IgE-binding to the C-terminal fragment (aa 119–228) while the other two sera showed IgE reactivity to the N-terminal fragment (aa 1–118) of this newly identified EF-1βPenicillium allergen.Conclusions:  A novel P. citrinum allergen (Pen c 24) was identified and characterized in the present study. Results obtained provide more information about allergens of prevalent airborne fungi and a basis to understand more about the IgE responses in human atopic disorders and in parasitic infections.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: We have suggested previously that the 32 and 34 kDa major allergens of Penicillium chrysogenum (also known as P. notatum) are the vacuolar (Pen ch 18) and the alkaline (Pen ch 13) serine proteases, respectively, of P. chrysogenum. The purpose of this study is to characterize the 32 kDa allergen of P. chrysogenum and its immunoglobulin E (IgE)cross-reactivity with Pen ch 13 allergen.Methods: The full-length cDNA of Pen ch 18 was isolated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and the 5′-rapid amplification cDNA end reaction. Recombinant Pen ch 18 was expressed as his-tagged proteins in Escherichia coli. Its reactivity with IgE and monoclonal antibodies against fungal serine protease allergens was analyzed by immunoblotting. The IgE cross-reactivity between Pen ch 18 and Pen ch 13 was analyzed by immunoblot inhibition. Overlapping recombinant fragments and synthetic peptides were used to map the B cell epitopes on Pen ch 18.Results: In this study, we isolated a 1857 bp cDNA fragment containing an open reading frame of 494 amino acids that encodes the preproenzyme of Pen ch 18. Similar to other vacuolar serine proteases, this precursor appears to undergo N- and possibly C-terminal cleavage upon maturation. The his-tagged recombinant Pen ch 18 containing the putative sequence of the mature protein reacted with IgE antibodies in serum samples from asthmatic patients. In addition, IgE-binding to the 32 kDa major allergen of P. chrysogenum was inhibited when a positive serum sample was absorbed with recombinant Pen ch 18 before immunoblotting. Both inhibition and almost no inhibition of IgE-binding to the 32 kDa major allergen of Pen ch 18 were detected when eight positive serum samples were preabsorbed individually with purified Pen ch 13 before immunoblotting. The major IgE binding region was located in a fragment (PN1) encompassing the N-terminal 102 amino acid residues of the recombinant Pen ch 18. A dominant linear IgE epitope was further mapped within residues 73–95 (peptide PN1-e) of the N-terminally processed allergen. Monoclonal antibody FUM20 that reacts with Pen ch 18 but not with Pen ch 13 binds a synthetic peptide with sequence encompassing the N-terminal 23 residues of the recombinant Pen ch 18. Monoclonal antibody PCM39 that reacts with both Pen ch 13 and Pen ch 18 recognizes a peptide containing residues 132–154 of the allergen.Conclusions: Our results confirm that the Pen ch 18 allergen is a vacuolar serine protease of P. chrysogenum that matures through N- and possibly C-terminal processing. The finding that there are cross-reactive and allergen-specific IgE epitopes for Pen ch 18 and Pen ch 13 suggests that both major allergens should be included in clinically diagnostic P. chrysogenum extracts.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Candida albicans has been implicated in human allergic disorders. However, many of its immunoglobulin E (IgE)-reacting components have not yet been identified. The purpose of the present study is to characterize a novel 29 kDa IgE-binding protein from C. albicans.Methods: The 29 kDa protein was partially purified and its tryptic digests subjected to mass spectrometric analysis. The cDNA encoding this protein was isolated and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) were raised against the 29 kDa protein purified from C. abicans extracts.Results: We isolated a 29 kDa IgE-reacting component from C. albicans. The protein was digested on-gel with trypsin and the masses of the resulting fragments were determined in a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer. The data were searched against protein sequences deduced from the C. albicans genome. An open reading frame that possibly encodes the 29 kDa IgE-reacting component was identified. The cDNA corresponding to the open reading frame was isolated. It encodes a 236 residues protein that has 62% sequence identity to that of a hypothetical protein (YDR533c) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Conserved domain search suggests that the encoded protein belongs to the ThiJ/PfpI family. The cDNA isolated was inserted into a pQE-30 vector for protein expression in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein can react with IgE antibodies in sera from asthmatic patients and two MoAbs that were generated against the purified native 29 kDa protein from C. albicans.Conclusions: We identified and cloned a novel 29 kDa IgE-reacting component (Cand a 3) from C. albicans. The recombinant proteins produced from this clone and the MoAbs prepared may be useful in the standardization of diagnostic extracts. They are also instrumental in elucidating the role of C. albicans in clinical allergy.
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