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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-12-04
    Description: Cryptophyte and chlorarachniophyte algae are transitional forms in the widespread secondary endosymbiotic acquisition of photosynthesis by engulfment of eukaryotic algae. Unlike most secondary plastid-bearing algae, miniaturized versions of the endosymbiont nuclei (nucleomorphs) persist in cryptophytes and chlorarachniophytes. To determine why, and to address other fundamental questions about eukaryote-eukaryote endosymbiosis, we sequenced the nuclear genomes of the cryptophyte Guillardia theta and the chlorarachniophyte Bigelowiella natans. Both genomes have 〉21,000 protein genes and are intron rich, and B. natans exhibits unprecedented alternative splicing for a single-celled organism. Phylogenomic analyses and subcellular targeting predictions reveal extensive genetic and biochemical mosaicism, with both host- and endosymbiont-derived genes servicing the mitochondrion, the host cell cytosol, the plastid and the remnant endosymbiont cytosol of both algae. Mitochondrion-to-nucleus gene transfer still occurs in both organisms but plastid-to-nucleus and nucleomorph-to-nucleus transfers do not, which explains why a small residue of essential genes remains locked in each nucleomorph.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Curtis, Bruce A -- Tanifuji, Goro -- Burki, Fabien -- Gruber, Ansgar -- Irimia, Manuel -- Maruyama, Shinichiro -- Arias, Maria C -- Ball, Steven G -- Gile, Gillian H -- Hirakawa, Yoshihisa -- Hopkins, Julia F -- Kuo, Alan -- Rensing, Stefan A -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Symeonidi, Aikaterini -- Elias, Marek -- Eveleigh, Robert J M -- Herman, Emily K -- Klute, Mary J -- Nakayama, Takuro -- Obornik, Miroslav -- Reyes-Prieto, Adrian -- Armbrust, E Virginia -- Aves, Stephen J -- Beiko, Robert G -- Coutinho, Pedro -- Dacks, Joel B -- Durnford, Dion G -- Fast, Naomi M -- Green, Beverley R -- Grisdale, Cameron J -- Hempel, Franziska -- Henrissat, Bernard -- Hoppner, Marc P -- Ishida, Ken-Ichiro -- Kim, Eunsoo -- Koreny, Ludek -- Kroth, Peter G -- Liu, Yuan -- Malik, Shehre-Banoo -- Maier, Uwe G -- McRose, Darcy -- Mock, Thomas -- Neilson, Jonathan A D -- Onodera, Naoko T -- Poole, Anthony M -- Pritham, Ellen J -- Richards, Thomas A -- Rocap, Gabrielle -- Roy, Scott W -- Sarai, Chihiro -- Schaack, Sarah -- Shirato, Shu -- Slamovits, Claudio H -- Spencer, David F -- Suzuki, Shigekatsu -- Worden, Alexandra Z -- Zauner, Stefan -- Barry, Kerrie -- Bell, Callum -- Bharti, Arvind K -- Crow, John A -- Grimwood, Jane -- Kramer, Robin -- Lindquist, Erika -- Lucas, Susan -- Salamov, Asaf -- McFadden, Geoffrey I -- Lane, Christopher E -- Keeling, Patrick J -- Gray, Michael W -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Archibald, John M -- BB/G00885X/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Dec 6;492(7427):59-65. doi: 10.1038/nature11681. Epub 2012 Nov 28.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23201678" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Algal Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Alternative Splicing/genetics ; Cell Nucleus/*genetics ; Cercozoa/cytology/*genetics/metabolism ; Cryptophyta/cytology/*genetics/metabolism ; Cytosol/metabolism ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Gene Transfer, Horizontal/genetics ; Genes, Essential/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genome, Mitochondrial/genetics ; Genome, Plant/genetics ; Genome, Plastid/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Mosaicism ; Phylogeny ; Protein Transport ; Proteome/genetics/metabolism ; Symbiosis/*genetics ; Transcriptome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-12-21
    Description: Current genomic perspectives on animal diversity neglect two prominent phyla, the molluscs and annelids, that together account for nearly one-third of known marine species and are important both ecologically and as experimental systems in classical embryology. Here we describe the draft genomes of the owl limpet (Lottia gigantea), a marine polychaete (Capitella teleta) and a freshwater leech (Helobdella robusta), and compare them with other animal genomes to investigate the origin and diversification of bilaterians from a genomic perspective. We find that the genome organization, gene structure and functional content of these species are more similar to those of some invertebrate deuterostome genomes (for example, amphioxus and sea urchin) than those of other protostomes that have been sequenced to date (flies, nematodes and flatworms). The conservation of these genomic features enables us to expand the inventory of genes present in the last common bilaterian ancestor, establish the tripartite diversification of bilaterians using multiple genomic characteristics and identify ancient conserved long- and short-range genetic linkages across metazoans. Superimposed on this broadly conserved pan-bilaterian background we find examples of lineage-specific genome evolution, including varying rates of rearrangement, intron gain and loss, expansions and contractions of gene families, and the evolution of clade-specific genes that produce the unique content of each genome.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4085046/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4085046/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Simakov, Oleg -- Marletaz, Ferdinand -- Cho, Sung-Jin -- Edsinger-Gonzales, Eric -- Havlak, Paul -- Hellsten, Uffe -- Kuo, Dian-Han -- Larsson, Tomas -- Lv, Jie -- Arendt, Detlev -- Savage, Robert -- Osoegawa, Kazutoyo -- de Jong, Pieter -- Grimwood, Jane -- Chapman, Jarrod A -- Shapiro, Harris -- Aerts, Andrea -- Otillar, Robert P -- Terry, Astrid Y -- Boore, Jeffrey L -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Lindberg, David R -- Seaver, Elaine C -- Weisblat, David A -- Putnam, Nicholas H -- Rokhsar, Daniel S -- R01 GM 074619/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM074619/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Jan 24;493(7433):526-31. doi: 10.1038/nature11696. Epub 2012 Dec 19.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23254933" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Body Patterning/*genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genetic Linkage ; Genetic Speciation ; Genome/*genetics ; Humans ; INDEL Mutation/genetics ; Introns/genetics ; Leeches/anatomy & histology/*genetics ; Mollusca/anatomy & histology/*genetics ; Multigene Family/genetics ; *Phylogeny ; Polychaeta/anatomy & histology/*genetics ; Synteny/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-10-23
    Description: Investigation of inter- and intraspecies variation through genome sequencing of Aspergillus section Nigri Investigation of inter- and intraspecies variation through genome sequencing of 〈i〉Aspergillus〈/i〉 section 〈i〉Nigri〈/i〉, Published online: 22 October 2018; doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0246-1 De novo assembly of 23 Aspergillus section Nigri and 6 Aspergillus niger genome sequences allows for inter- and intraspecies comparisons and prediction of secondary metabolite gene clusters.
    Print ISSN: 1061-4036
    Electronic ISSN: 1546-1718
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-06-14
    Description: Coccolithophores have influenced the global climate for over 200 million years. These marine phytoplankton can account for 20 per cent of total carbon fixation in some systems. They form blooms that can occupy hundreds of thousands of square kilometres and are distinguished by their elegantly sculpted calcium carbonate exoskeletons (coccoliths), rendering them visible from space. Although coccolithophores export carbon in the form of organic matter and calcite to the sea floor, they also release CO2 in the calcification process. Hence, they have a complex influence on the carbon cycle, driving either CO2 production or uptake, sequestration and export to the deep ocean. Here we report the first haptophyte reference genome, from the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi strain CCMP1516, and sequences from 13 additional isolates. Our analyses reveal a pan genome (core genes plus genes distributed variably between strains) probably supported by an atypical complement of repetitive sequence in the genome. Comparisons across strains demonstrate that E. huxleyi, which has long been considered a single species, harbours extensive genome variability reflected in different metabolic repertoires. Genome variability within this species complex seems to underpin its capacity both to thrive in habitats ranging from the equator to the subarctic and to form large-scale episodic blooms under a wide variety of environmental conditions.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Read, Betsy A -- Kegel, Jessica -- Klute, Mary J -- Kuo, Alan -- Lefebvre, Stephane C -- Maumus, Florian -- Mayer, Christoph -- Miller, John -- Monier, Adam -- Salamov, Asaf -- Young, Jeremy -- Aguilar, Maria -- Claverie, Jean-Michel -- Frickenhaus, Stephan -- Gonzalez, Karina -- Herman, Emily K -- Lin, Yao-Cheng -- Napier, Johnathan -- Ogata, Hiroyuki -- Sarno, Analissa F -- Shmutz, Jeremy -- Schroeder, Declan -- de Vargas, Colomban -- Verret, Frederic -- von Dassow, Peter -- Valentin, Klaus -- Van de Peer, Yves -- Wheeler, Glen -- Emiliania huxleyi Annotation Consortium -- Dacks, Joel B -- Delwiche, Charles F -- Dyhrman, Sonya T -- Glockner, Gernot -- John, Uwe -- Richards, Thomas -- Worden, Alexandra Z -- Zhang, Xiaoyu -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- England -- Nature. 2013 Jul 11;499(7457):209-13. doi: 10.1038/nature12221. Epub 2013 Jun 12.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biological Sciences, California State University San Marcos, San Marcos, California 92096, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23760476" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Calcification, Physiologic ; Calcium/metabolism ; Carbonic Anhydrases/genetics/metabolism ; Ecosystem ; Genome/*genetics ; Haptophyta/classification/*genetics/*isolation & purification/metabolism ; Oceans and Seas ; Phylogeny ; Phytoplankton/*genetics ; Proteome/genetics ; Seawater
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-10-09
    Description: Genetic dissection of interspecific differences in yeast thermotolerance Genetic dissection of interspecific differences in yeast thermotolerance, Published online: 08 October 2018; doi:10.1038/s41588-018-0243-4 A mapping approach that screens mutants in a sterile interspecific hybrid identifies the genetic determinants of differences in high-temperature growth between divergent Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces paradoxus yeast species.
    Print ISSN: 1061-4036
    Electronic ISSN: 1546-1718
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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