Cell cycle quiescence is critical for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) maintenance. TGF-β signaling in bone marrow niche has been identified in regulating HSC quiescence; however, the intrinsic regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. This study reports that Shp-1 knockout HSCs have attenuated quiescence and impaired long-term self-renewal. SHP-1–activated HSCs are surrounded by megakaryocytes, which regulate HSC quiescence by producing TGF-β1. Mechanistically, SHP-1 interacts with the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif on TGF-β receptor 1 and is critical for TGF-β signaling activation in HSCs. Functionally, Shp-1 knockout HSCs do not respond to TGF-β–enforced HSC quiescence regulation, both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, we identify TGF-β–SHP-1 as a novel intrinsic regulatory mechanism for HSC quiescence maintenance.
Stem Cells & Regeneration, Hematopoiesis