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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-09-13
    Description: Targeting fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) migration and invasion-mediated bone erosion is a promising clinical strategy for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Drug sensitivity testing is fundamental to this scheme. We designed a microfluidic chip-based, cell co-cultured platform to mimic RA FLS-mediated bone erosion and perform drug-sensitive assay. Human synovium SW982 cells were cultured in the central channel and migrated to flow through matrigel-coated side channels towards cell culture chamber where RANKL-stimulated osteoclastic RAW264.7 and osteogenic medium (OS)-stimulated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) were cultured in the microfluidic chip device, mimicking FLS migration and invasion-mediated bone erosion in RA. These SW982 cells showed different migration potentials to osteoclasts and BMSC. The migration of SW982 cells with high expression of cadherin-11 was more potent when SW982 cells were connected with the co-culture of RAW264.7 and BMSC. Simultaneously, in the co-cultured chamber, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity of RANKL-stimulated RAW264.7 cells was enhanced, but alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was decreased in comparison with mono-cultured chamber. Furthermore, it was confirmed that celastrol, a positive drug for the treatment of RA, inhibited SW982 cell migration as well as TRAP activity in the cell-cultured microfluidic chips. Thus, the migration and invasion to bone-related cells was reconstituted on the microfluidic model. It may provide an effective anti-RA drug screen model for targeting FLS migration-mediated bone erosion.
    Keywords: biochemistry, health and disease and epidemiology
    Electronic ISSN: 2054-5703
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Published by Royal Society
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-03-14
    Description: Cresol is a prototype molecule in understanding intermolecular interactions in material and biological systems, because it offers different binding sites with various solvents and protonation states under different pH values. It is found that the UV/Vis absorption spectra of o -cresol in aromatic solvents (benzene, toluene) are characterized by a sharp peak, unlike the broad double-peaks in 11 non-aromatic solvents. Both molecular dynamics simulations and electronic structure calculations revealed the formation of intermolecular -complexation between o -cresol and aromatic solvents. The thermal movements of solvent and solute molecules render the conformations of o -cresol changing between trans and cis isomers. The -interaction makes the cis configuration a dominant isomer, hence leading to the single keen-edged UV/Vis absorption peak at approximately 283 nm. The free conformation changes between trans and cis in aqueous solution rationalize the broader absorption peaks in the range of 260–280 nm. The pH dependence of the UV/Vis absorption spectra in aqueous solutions is also rationalized by different protonation states of o -cresol. The explicit solvent model with long-ranged interactions is vital to describe the effects of -complexation and electrostatic interaction on the UV/Vis absorption spectra of o -cresol in toluene and alkaline aqueous (pH 〉 10.3) solutions, respectively.
    Keywords: computational chemistry
    Electronic ISSN: 2054-5703
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Published by Royal Society
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-01-04
    Description: Repartitioning of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) between particles is an important process to understand the particle growth and shrinkage in the atmosphere environment. Here, by using optical tweezers coupled with cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, we report the repartitioning of glycerol between a levitated glycerol/NaNO 3 /H 2 O droplet and surrounding glycerol/NaNO 3 /H 2 O droplets deposited on the inner wall of a chamber with different organic to inorganic molar ratios (OIRs). For the high OIR with 3 : 1, no NaNO 3 crystallization occurs both for levitated and deposited droplets in the whole relative humidity (RH) range, the radius of the levitated droplet decreases slowly due to the evaporation of glycerol from the levitated droplet at constant RHs. The levitated droplets radii with OIR of 1 : 1 and 1 : 3 increase with constant RHs that are lower than 45.3% and 55.7%, respectively, indicating that the repartitioning of glycerol occurs. The reason is that NaNO 3 in the deposited droplets is crystallized when RH is lower than 45.3% for 1 : 1 or 55.7% for 1 : 3. So the vapour pressure of glycerol at the surface of deposited droplets is higher than that of the levitated droplet which always remains as liquid droplet without NaNO 3 crystallization, resulting in the transfer of glycerol from the deposited ones to the levitated one. The process of the glycerol repartitioning we discussed herein is a useful model to interpret the repartitioning of SVOCs between the externally mixed particles with different phase states.
    Keywords: atmospheric chemistry, physical chemistry, environmental chemistry
    Electronic ISSN: 2054-5703
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Published by Royal Society
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