Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-5535
    Keywords: Keywords: actinomycete diversity; phylogeny; rRNA; tropical rainforest
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Five thousand actinomycetes were isolated from soil samples collected from rainforests in Singapore and the generic identities of these isolates were determined by using a procedure that combined morphological, chemotaxonomic and 16S rDNA sequence-based phylogenetic analyses. Actinomycetes belonging to a total of 36 genera were identified. The most abundant isolates are members of Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Actinoplanes, Actinomadura, Nonomuria, Nocardia and Streptosporangium. By phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA sequences of our isolates together with those of known actinomycete species, we also evaluated the species diversity of several genera including Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Nonomuria, and Actinomadura. We found that: first, the tropical isolates are present in most clades represented by known species; and second, many tropical isolates form new clades distant from the known species, indicating the presence of unidentified taxa at both species and genus levels. Based on these results, we conclude that actinomycete diversity in the tropical rainforest is very great and should represent an excellent source for discovery of novel bioactive compounds.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Key words Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor ; Dopamine ; Parkinson’s disease ; Substantia nigra grafts ; Voltammetry ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We have previously reported that grafting of fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) tissue to the nigral region of unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats, in conjunction with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) injection between nigra and striatum, restores nigrostriatal tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity. In this study, we investigated the electrochemical indices of dopamine (DA) release in these grafted animals in the striatum and nigra. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and unilaterally injected with 6-OHDA into the medial forebrain bundle. The completeness of lesions was tested by measuring methamphetamine-induced rotations. One to two months after 6-OHDA administration, fetal VM tissues were grafted in the lesioned nigral area followed by injection of GDNF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), along a tract from nigra to striatum. Animals receiving transplantation and GDNF, but not BDNF or PBS, injection showed a significant decrease in rotation 1–3 months after grafting. High-speed chronoamperometric recording techniques, using Nafion-coated carbon fiber electrodes, were used to evaluate DA overflow in the striatum. We found that 6-OHDA lesions resulted in a loss of KCl-induced DA overflow in the urethane-anesthetized rats. Three months after GDNF-bridged grafting, application of KCl elicited DA release both in nigra and striatum. The KCl-evoked DA release area was limited to the GDNF-bridging tract in the striatum. On the other hand, KCl did not induce DA release in the BDNF- or PBS-bridged grafts. Immunocytochemical studies indicated that TH-positive neurons and fibers were found in the nigra and striatum after GDNF-bridged grafting. Taken together, our data suggest that fetal nigral transplantation and GDNF injection may restore the nigrostriatal DA pathway and DA release in these hemiparkinsonian animals and support the hypothesis of trophic activity of GDNF on fiber outgrowth from midbrain DA neurons.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Pigeons ; Nucleus isthmi (Ipc and Imc) ; Extracellular recording ; Direction and orientation selectivity ; Retinotopography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The visual response characteristics of single cells in the nucleus isthmi (NI) of pigeons were investigated using standard extracellular recording techniques. The results show that both major components of NI, the parvocellular NI (Ipc) and the magnocellular NI (Imc), have a tight retinotopic organization where nasal regions of the visual field are mapped onto the rostral poles of Ipc and Imc, and temporal regions of the visual field are mapped onto the caudal poles. The more ventral regions of these nuclei receive input from more inferior regions of visual space. The receptive fields (RFs) of both Ipc and Imc are large and oval-shaped, and their long axis is oriented vertically in the visual field. Most RFs are distributed on the contralateral visual horizon, and no binocular responses were found in either Ipc or Imc. All of the excitatory RFs of NI cells were surrounded by large inhibitory regions which participated in the dramatic modulation of the driven visual response when a large background pattern was moved across this zone. Although both Ipc and Imc neurons are driven best by small dark spots, some of them also show orientation selectivity to bars which may result from their ovalshaped RF (74% of Imc cells, 20/38, were orientation selective as compared to 10% of the Ipc cells, 3/30). It is suggested that some tectal cells with small RFs, and which originate from a vertically oriented zone may converge onto a single NI neuron to produce the elliptical shaped receptive fields.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1181
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract In this study, a second-moment closure model and an algebraic stress and flux model are used to simulate the turbulent dispersion from an elevated line source located in a turbulent boundary layer. In the modeling of the Reynolds stress equation, several models for the triple velocity correlation are examined by comparing their predicting results with the direct numerical simulation data. Predicted mean and fluctuating correlation quantities of velocity and temperature by the second-moment closure model and the algebraic model are compared with the experimental data. From the comparisons, it is found that the second-moment closure is capable of reproducing the experimental results satisfactorily. However, predictions of the algebraic stress and flux model are quite poor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1181
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract For strongly nonorthogonal grids, the convergence difficulty is often encountered in the SIMPLE method unless very low relaxation factors are adopted. This is because that the cross derivatives of pressure corrections are usually neglected in deriving the pressure-correction equation. In this study, an approximate treatment is proposed to deal with the cross derivatives in the pressure-correction equation. Computations are performed for various laminar flows in a nonorthogonal cavity and the turbulent flows through the compressor cascades. It is found that the convergence difficulty encountered in the SIMPLE method for strongly nonorthogonal grids can be overcome when the SIMPLEC method is employed. In addition, when the present approximate treatment for the cross derivatives is adopted in the SIMPLEC method, the convergence rate can be speeded up in comparison with the original SIMPLEC method. In some cases, the CPU time can be decreased by more than 60%. The computational results are also compared with the numerical results of others and the available experimental data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Superior colliculus ; Binocular field ; Albino rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Electrophysiological mapping techniques were used to determine the representation of the central field of vision in the superior colliculus of the albino rat. The retinotopic map for the contralateral eye is similar to that found in other mammals. There is an unexpected extensive binocular segment subserving the central 40° of the ipsilateral hemifield as well as the central 40° of the contralateral hemifield in the rostrolateral portion of the tectum.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Evaluation of the causative role of germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) families can be difficult. Whereas nonsense, frameshift or splice-site mutations are presumed to lead to dysfunctional gene products and thus are generally considered to be causative, the evaluation of missense mutations often remains uncertain. We observed a novel germline mutation in the hMLH1 gene (His→Pro at codon 329) in an HNPCC family. The same missense mutation also occurred as a somatic event in the colonic tumours of two other HNPCC patients who had germline mutations at different sites of the hMLH1gene. Thus, the H329P mutation present in the germline can be considered as having an aetiological role in this HNPCC family.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Corpus callosum ; Visual cortex ; Albino rat ; Binocular neurones
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Four hundred and fifteen cells were recorded in the binocular segment of the visual cortex in the albino rat. Cells encountered were mainly dominated by the contralateral eye. The percentage of binocularly-driven cells increased as the electrode was moved towards the border between areas 17 and 18a. Ninety percent of the cells studied in the region of the border could be driven by electrical stimulation applied at the corresponding site in the opposite hemisphere. Within area 17, however, there were only about 30% of such cells. Through the combined use of electrical stimulation and reversible cortical cooling, two types of contributions by callosal fibres were revealed. One is that the callosal fibres constitute the only inputs from the ipsilateral eye to a cell. The other is that the callosal input provides ipsilateral reinforcement to a binocular cell. These results are compatible with neuroanatomical findings and show that binocularity of visual cortical cells in this animal depends, to a great degree, on the function of callosal fibres.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Fast excitatory postsynaptic potential ; Vagal motoneurons ; Cholinergic interneurons ; Oesophagus ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In rat brainstem slice preparations, intracellular recording from neurons (n = 39) in the compact formation of the nucleus ambiguus (AMBc) revealed spontaneous and miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs; n = 11) that, along with acetylcholine-induced depolarization, were enhanced by physostigmine (10 μM; n = 2) and blocked by dihydro-β-erythroidine 1–5 pmol (n = 4). Retrograde neuronal tracing combined with choline acetyltransferase immunocytochemistry demonstrated that the AMBc receives a projection from a subpopulation of cholinergic neurons in the zona intermedialis reticularis parvicellularis. Electrical stimulation of this region in slices evoked fast EPSPs in AMBc neurons (n = 23) that were inhibited by dihydro-β-erythroidine 2–5 pmol (n = 8), but not by methscopolamine 1 pmol (n = 2). The present findings strongly support the existence of a cholinergic nicotinic synapse mediating fast transmission in brainstem vagal motoneurons.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Near infrared (NIR) spectra in the 1300– 1850 nm region were measured for control serum solutions containing both albumin and γ-globulin of various concentrations. Partial least squares two (PLS2) regression was applied to the NIR spectra to determine simultaneously the concentrations of both proteins. For albumin, the correlation coefficient (R) of 0.988, the standard error of calibration (SEC) of 1.61 g/L, the standard error of prediction (SEP) of 1.29 g/L, the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 0.026 and the ratio of standard deviation of reference data in prediction to SEP (RPD) of 12.2 were obtained. For γ-globulin, the corresponding values were 0.997, 1.36 g/L, 1.35 g/L, 0.0365 and 8.66, respectively. The regression coefficients (RCs) of PLS factors were compared between albumin and γ-globulin, and the observed differences in the RCs were discussed based upon the differences in the hydration between albumin and γ-globulin. In order to explore the effects of various metabolites such as glucose, and cholesterol on the chemometrics models, the RCs for albumin and γ-globulin in the control serum solutions were also compared with those for albumin and γ-globulin in phosphate buffer solutions previously studied. The results of our experiments show that NIR spectroscopy with the use of PLS2 regression has considerable promise in nondestructive determination of the concentrations of blood serum proteins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...