Key words Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Dynamic light scattering
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The reentrant behavior of Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)–borax aqueous semidilute solutions with a PVA concentration of 20 g/l and borax concentrations varies from 0.0 to 0.20 M was investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and dynamic viscoelastic measurements. Two (fast and slow modes) and three (fast, middle, and slow) relaxation modes of PVA semidilute aqueous solutions without and with the presence of borax, respectively, were observed from DLS measurements. The fast and middle relaxation modes were q 2-dependent (q is the scattering vector) characteristic of diffusive behavior; however, the slow modes were q 3-dependent, characteristic of intraparticle dynamics. The experimental results showed that the slow relaxation mode dominates the DLS relaxation. The DLS slow mode relaxation time, τs, and the viscoelastic modulus G′(ω) and G′′(ω) data had a similar trend and demonstrated reentrant behavior as the borax concentration was increased from 0.0 to 0.20 M, i.e. τs, G′(ω), and G′′(ω) fluctuated with increasing borax concentration. The excluded-volume effect of polymers, charge repulsion among borate ions bound on PVA molecules, and intermolecular cross-linking didiol–borate complexation caused an expansion of the polymer chain; however, the screening effect of free Na+ ions on the negative charge of the borate ions bound on PVA and intramolecular cross-linking didiol–borate complexation led to a shrinkage of the polymer chain. The reentrant behavior was the consequence of the balance between expansion and shrinkage of the PVA–borate complex.
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