Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract During transformation of mustard seedlings cotyledons from storage organs to photosynthetically competent leaves, a process which occurs during the first 4 d after sowing, total glutamine-synthetase (GS, EC 126.96.36.199) activity increases from zero to the high level usually observed in green leaves. In the present study we have used ion-exchange chromatography to separate possible isoforms of GS during the development of the cotyledons. The approach failed since we could only detect a single form of GS, presumably plastidic GS, under all circumstances tested. The technique of selective photooxidative destruction of plastids in situ was applied to solve the problem of GS localization. It was inferred from the data that the GS as detected by ion-exchange chromatography is plastidic GS. The regulatory role, if any, of light, nitrate and ammonium in the process of the appearance of GS in the developing cotyledons was investigated. The results show that nitrate and ammonium play only minor roles. Light, operating via phytochrome, is the major regulatory factor.
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