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  • Articles  (13)
  • Springer  (7)
  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)  (6)
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  • Articles  (13)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus ; diabetic microangiopathy ; diabetic nephropathy ; capillary permeability ; endothelium ; haemodynamics ; cardiovascular disease.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The Steno hypothesis suggests that albuminuria reflects widespread vascular damage (proliferative retinopathy and severe macroangiopathy) due to a generalized vascular (endothelial) dysfunction. We assessed this concept in NIDDM (non-insulin-dependent diabetic) patients with (13 female/39 male, age 60 ± 7 years, group 1) and without (12 female/41 male, age 61 ± 7 years, group 2) diabetic nephropathy compared to matched non-diabetic subjects (7 female/15 male, age 58 ± 8 years, group 3). A 12-lead ECG was recorded and coded blindly using the Minnesota Rating Scale; the World Health Organization cardiovascular questionnaire was used to assess past and present evidence of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease (digital systolic blood pressure determination). The degree of diabetic retinopathy was scored from fundus photography. The following variables were measured: transcapillary escape rate of albumin (initial disappearance of intravenously injected 125I-labelled human serum albumin), plasma concentrations of prorenin (radioimmunoassay) and serum concentrations of von Willebrand factor (enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay). Prevalence of ischaemic heart disease (ECG reading) (49/20/5)% and peripheral vascular disease as indicated by reduced systolic blood pressure on big toe (69/30/14)% was significantly higher in group 1 vs group 2 (p 〈 0.01) and in group 2 vs group 3 (p 〈 0.01), respectively. The prevalence and severity of retinopathy was higher in group 1 vs 2 (p 〈 0.01). Transcapillary escape rate of albumin (%/h) was elevated in group 1 and 2 as compared to control subjects: 7.9 (4.3–13.7); 7.4 (3.7–16.4) vs 6.0 (3.4–8.7), (p 〈 0.005), respectively. Plasma prorenin activity (IU/ml) was raised in group 1 and group 2 as compared to group 3: 272 (59–2405); 192 (18–813), and 85 (28–246), p 〈 0.001, respectively. Serum von Willebrand factor (IU/ml)was elevated in group 1 as compared to group 2 and 3: 2.07 (0.83–4.34); 1.60 (0.30–2.99) and 1.50 (1.00–2.38), p 〈 0.001, respectively. Our study demonstrated that NIDDM patients with and without albuminuria had increased transcapillary escape of albumin and raised prorenin activity, whereas only those with albuminuria had increased von Willebrand factor. Patients with NIDDM may have abnormal endothelial function in the absence of albuminuria. [Diabetologia (1996) 39: 1590–1597]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The compound URu3 has been found to exhibit superconductivity below 0.15 K. Polycrystalline specimens of URu3 and two other U-compound superconductors, UPt3 and UCo, have been investigated by means of ac magnetic susceptibility measurements in zero and finite magnetic fields. Electrical resistivity, dc magnetic susceptibility, and specific-heat measurements on URu3 and UCo reveal non-heavy-fermion behavior for both compounds and evidence for relatively large exchange enhancement of the Pauli paramagnetic susceptibility for UCo.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 57 (1985), S. 3115-3117 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We report the synthesis of small single crystals of several RERh4B4 compounds where RE=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm using a flux-growth technique. Measurements of the ac electrical resistance R in zero and applied magnetic fields and dc magnetic susceptibility are reported. The upper critical magnetic field Hc2(T) determined from the resistance measurements for RE=Sm, Er, and Tm are also presented. Considerable anisotropy of Hc2(T) is observed for Er and Tm, while very little is found for Sm.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1572-817X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Confocal and non-confocal negative branch unstable resonators with an intracavity spatial filter have been applied to a high-gain short-pulse UV preionized XeCl laser. The near- and far-field radiation characteristics have been investigated in both configurations. Laser beams of larger brightness have been obtained with non-confocal schemes. A maximum beam brightness of 1.3×1014 Wcm−2Sr−1 has been achieved.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1570-7458
    Keywords: Heliothis ; corn ; maize ; insecticide ; Aspergillus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The toxicity and anticholinesterase activity of tremorgenic fungal metabolites, territrems, to the corn earworm, Helioverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) were examined. In oral toxicity studies, territrem A significantly inhibited growth by 40% at 25 ppm and by 89% at 250 ppm. Territrem B and an epoxy-derivative significantly inhibited growth by ca. 45% at 250 ppm. Piperonyl butoxide administered orally synergized the toxicity of the territrems tested. In topical toxicity studies, the epoxy-derivative caused 26% mortality and 25% growth retardation at 10 mg/gm insects. Territrem A and B were not significantly lethal, but did reduce growth by 15–20% at 10 mg/gm insect. Paraoxon tested in the same way caused 100% mortality at 25 ppm orally and 10 mg/gm topically. However, all territrems tested in vitro as inhibitors of H. zea head acetylcholinesterase were at least comparable to or were more active than paraoxon. Topically administered epoxy-territrem B also inhibited H. zea head acetylcholinesterase. The potential for development of new insecticides from a territrem lead structure is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1476-5535
    Keywords: Keywords: baculovirus–insect cell expression vector system (BEVS); Sf-9; HSV protease; glutathione-S-transferase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A gene expression system using recombinant Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (baculovirus) and Sf-9 cells has been scaled up to the 10-L tank level and shown to be capable of producing herpes simplex virus (HSV) protease in serum-free media. High densities of Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9) cells were achieved by modifying two 10-L Biolafitte fermenters specifically for insect cell growth. The existing Rushton impellers were replaced by marine impellers to reduce shear and the aeration system was modified to allow external addition of air/O2 mixtures at low flow rates through either the sparge line or into the head space of the fermenter. To inoculate the tanks, Sf-9 cells were adapted to grow to high cell densities (6–10 × 106 cells ml−1) in shake flasks in serum-free media. With these procedures, cell densities of 5 × 106 cells ml−1 were routinely achieved in the 10-L tanks. These cells were readily infected with recombinant baculovirus expressing the 247-amino acid catalytic domain of the HSV-1 strain 17 protease UL26 gene as a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) fusion protein (GST-247). Three days after infection at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 3 pfu cell−1, the GST-247 fusion protein was purified from a cytoplasmic lysate by Glutathione Sepharose 4-B affinity chromatography with reproducible yields of 11–38 mg L−1 of recombinant protein and ≥ 90% purity. Maximum production of this protein was observed at a cell density of 5.0 × 106 cells ml−1.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: Microemulsions ; viscosity ; electrical conductivity ; electrochemical and fluorescent probes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Microemulsion systems involving brine and dodecane, and stabilized by sodium dodecylsulfate and both pentanol and heptanol have been investigated. Results of various experiments including conductivity and viscosity measurements, electrochemical diffusion coefficients and fluorescent probe studies have been gathered and compared in order to gain additional understanding of the microemulsion structure. The diffusion coefficients of hydrophilic hydroquinone and hydrophobic ferrocene obtained from the Levich equation at the rotating disc electrode, vary as the self-diffusion coefficients of water and dodecane, respectively; the results are consistent with those obtained by other workers from tracer or NMR self-diffusion studies. The fluorescence analysis of the polarity sensed by pyrene and the microviscosity felt by dipyrenylpropane suggests that the progressive addition of pentanol and dodecane to SDS micelles leads to solubilizate the probes more in the droplet interior where they experience a more hydrophobic environment. The systematic study of the two microemulsion systems provides insight into the microscopic properties of the oil domains in which the fluorescent probes are assumed to be located. In the system stabilized by n-heptanol as cosurfactant, the microviscosity sensed by P(CH2)3P is shown to be much lower than the bulk viscosity of the microemulsion. All the results evidence the well-known structural transitions: water continuous, bicontinuous and oil continuous in the single monophasic area of the brine/ SDS/n-pentanol/dodecane system; premicellar aggregates and water swollen micelles in the W/O area of the brine/SDS/n-heptanol/dodecane system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: Microemulsions ; viscosity ; conductivity ; electrochemical and fluorescent probes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract The properties of pseudo-ternary systems involving brine, sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS), pentanol and dodecane or hexane have been investigated. When the hydrocarbon is dodecane, the microemulsion system includes in addition to the main monophasic area a small lens inserted in an oil-rich zone. With hexane, the microemulsion domain splits into two parts, one of which consists of a narrow scythe-blade shaped area which spreads from the water top up to compositions very rich in hydrocarbon. The properties of these uncommon microemulsions were compared with those of microemulsions belonging to the main monophasic area in order to gain additional understanding of their structure. Results of experiments including electrical conductivity and viscosity measurements, electrochemical and fluorescent probe studies lead to the following conclusions: Microemulsions of the small lens of the brine/SDS/pentanol/dodecane system exhibit properties which are reminiscent of structures with at once water and oil countinuous phases. Microemulsions of the lenticular area of the brine/SDS/pentanol/ hexane system seem to undergo the same structural transitions as microemulsions of systems which present a single monophasic area: water-continuous, bicontinuous and oilcontinuous structures.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 72 (1998), S. 2171-2173 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A method of manufacturing granular Fe–Pb–O films is described. The temperature dependence of resistivity in these samples exhibits a semiconductorlike behavior indicating that the electronic transport takes place via a tunneling process. The magnetoresistance ratio has been found to be about 10% at room temperature. The enhancement of the tunneling magnetoresistance effect is believed to be due to spin-dependent tunneling through the tunneling barrier containing magnetic ferrite formed by PbO and α-Fe2O3. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.
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