Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The unknown allele that predisposes to the development of haemochromatosis in man has been localized to the HLA class I region on the short arm of chromosome 6. We have utilized pulsed-field gel electrophoresis in conjunction with probes that map within, or in the vicinity of, this region to search for structural lesions that may further define the disease locus. Using the enzyme Mlu I, fragments that associated specifically with the HLA-A23, A31 and B8 alleles were identified. However, in members of three pedigrees affected by haemochromatosis, and in six unrelated patients with the disorder, no disease-specific differences were detected in the DNA fragments with four restriction enzymes and eight probes when compared with healthy individuals. These data suggest that the lesion responsible for hereditary haemochromatosis lies beyond the resolution of this technique and does not involve large structural deletions or extensive re-arrangements in this highly polymorphic region of the genome.
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