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  • 1
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Subject(s): ColE1 replication ; Primer RNA ; Suppressor mutation ; RF2 ; Ribonuclease H
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Two modes of ColE1 DNA replication are known, one dependent on RNase H, and the other RNase H independent. The cer114 mutant of the ColE1 replicon is defective in both modes and carries a single base pair alteration 95 by upstream of the replication origin. An Escherichia coli mutant which restored maintenance of the cer114 replicon was isolated. This host suppressor mutant is defective in RNase H and carries a herC, mutation located at 62 min of the E. coli chromosome. The herC, mutation is recessive to its wild-type allele and supports maintenance of the mutant replicon in the absence of RNase H. The herC, mutation alone conferred cold-sensitive growth, suggesting that the herC, gene product is essential for cell growth. The 1832 by E. coli DNA fragment, containing the wild-type allele of the herC, mutation, was cloned and an open reading frame for the HerC protein was determined.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Subject(s): Heat shock response ; HSP70 ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; RAS-CAMP pathway ; Multicopy suppressor of ira1
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: abstract The MSI3 gene was isolated as a multicopy suppressor of the heat shock-sensitive phenotype of the iral mutation, which causes hyperactivation of the RAS-cAMP pathway. Overexpression of MSI3 also suppresses the heat shock-sensitive phenotype of the bcyl mutant. Determination of the DNA sequence of MSI3 revealed that MSI3 can encode a 77.4 kDa protein related to the HSP70 family. The amino acid sequence of Msi3p is about 30% identical to that of the Ssalp of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This contrasts with the finding that members of the HSP70 family generally show at least 50% amino acid identity. The consensus nucleotide sequence of the heat shock element (HSE) was found in the upstream region of MSI3. Moreover, the steady-state levels of the MSI3 mRNA and protein were increased upon heat shock. These results indicate that the MSI3 gene encodes a novel HSP70-like heat shock protein. Disruption of the MSI3 gene was associated with a temperature sensitive growth phenotype but unexpectedly, thermotolerance was enhanced in the disruptant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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