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  • Springer  (135)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Coral reefs 1 (1982), S. 59-65 
    ISSN: 1432-0975
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences
    Notes: Summary A microprocessor-based data-acquisition system has been developed to meet the requirements of a range of oceanic sensor inputs. The system described is specially suitable for low-power, long-period underwater applications. Details are given of the hardware and software design, and examples of interface to propeller current sensor and pressure transducer. Preliminary field results in the Northern Great Barrier Reef are described.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract.  Depth profiling of iron impurities on GaAs surfaces is performed by means of total reflection X-ray fluorescence. A numerical processing procedure presented previously is used for the evaluation of the experimental data. A detection limit of 1011 atoms Fe/cm2 on GaAs surfaces has been achieved.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Keywords: Key words MHC ; Transporter ; Evolution ; PCR cloning ; Allelic lineage
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  The amphibian Xenopus laevis is one non-mammalian vertebrate in which the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been analyzed extensively. Class IIβ, class Ia, LMP2, LMP7, HSP70, C4, Factor B, and Ring3 genes have been identified and mapped to the MHC. Here, we report the isolation of a transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) gene, TAP2, and demonstrate its linkage to the MHC. While the ATP-binding region of Xenopus TAP2 is highly conserved in evolution, amino acid identity to other vertebrate TAP proteins was not detected in the N-terminal region. Segregation analysis of 34 individuals from two families showed exact restriction fragment length polymorphism matching between the MHC class Ia gene and the one TAP2 gene demonstrating linkage conservation since the mammalian/amphibian divergence ∼350 million years ago. In addition, one non-MHC-linked TAP2–hybridizing fragment was detected in approximately half of the individuals tested. Interestingly, TAP2 allelic lineages appear to match those of LMP7 and classical class I, which previously were categorized into two highly divergent groups that emerged at least 60 million years ago. Similar to LMP7 and class Ia,TAP2 is expressed ubiquitously with highest levels in intestine and spleen.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The localization of fibronectin was demonstrated in the rat anterior pituitary by the highly sensitive double bridge peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method. The fibronectin immunopositive cells were characterized by stellatelike morphology. The cells immunostained for fibronectin were observed to be identical to those for S-100 protein in adjacent mirror sections, whereas the S-100 protein has been specifically immunodetected in the folliculo-stellate (FS) cells of the anterior pituitary. The present study indicates that the fibronectin is present in the FS cells, suggesting that FS cells might play a role in the regulation of pituitary function through the interaction of fibronectin with hormone secreting cells
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Calcium binding proteins ; Mossy cell ; Hippocampal formation ; Immunocytochemistry ; Confocal laser scanning light microscope
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Calretinin containing elements were visualized with immunocytochemistry in the adult mouse dentate gyrus (DG). In the ventral DG calretinin immunoreactive (CR-IR) large multipolar cells were clustered; they extended between two and four thick cylindrical dendrites which further branched into several thinner processes. Characteristic grape like spiny appendages were occasionally observed on these thick and thinner dendritic processes. On the basis of these structural features these large CR-IR cells were identified as hilar mossy cells. At the supragranular zone a dense CR-IR band was seen, where numerous CR-IR punctae and fibers were packed tightly among putative granule cell dendrites. In the granule cell layer, especially at the dorsal DG, numerous faintly CR-IR cells were located at the interface with the hilus. They were triangular in shape and neither calbindin D28k nor GABA positive, but were immunoreactive for highly polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM-H) and thus considered as newly generated neurons. In the molecular layer CR-IR cells were also scattered; they were mainly located near the pial surface and the hippocampal fissure, small in size, ovoid in shape and usually gave rise to one very thin axon like and one thin cylindrical dendritic process. These cells were assumed to be Cajal-Retzius cells. Throughout the layers, that is, the molecular layer, the granule cell layer and the hilus, CR-IR multipolar and/or fusiform cells were encountered. They resembled those reported in the rat DG in their structural features and usually extended smooth or varicose or sparsely spiny dendritic processes; some of them were confirmed to be GABA-like immunoreactive and/or glutamic acid decarboxylase immunoreactive. The present study showed that CR immunoreactivity in the mouse DG differed significantly from that in the rat and monkey dentate gyri reported previously.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Wheat ; RFLP ; Triticum dicoccoides ; T. araraticum ; Genetic divergence
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Intra- and inter-specific variations in the nuclear DNA of Triticum dicoccoides Körn. (2n = 28, genome constitution AABB) and T. araraticum Jakubz. (2n = 28, AAGG), wild species, respectively, of the Emmer and Timopheevi group, were studied by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Total DNAs of 32 T. dicoccoides and 24 T. araraticum accessions, collected from throughout the distribution areas of these species, were treated with two 6-bp cutters and hybridized with 30 nuclear DNA clones as probes to detect RFLPs. A total of 167 hybrid bands were observed per accession. All the enzyme-probe combinations showed RFLPs between accessions. The average genetic distance between the T. dicoccoides accessions was 0.0135 ± 0.0031 and that between the T. araraticum accessions 0.0036 ± 0.0015, indicative of about a four-fold intraspecific variation in T. dicoccoides as compared to T. araraticum in terms of genetic distance. No significant genetic differentiation was found for the geographical populations of these species, the genetic distance between the two species being 0.0482 ± 0.0022. The interspecific divergence corrected for intraspecific divergence was 0.0395, about three times that for T. dicoccoides and 11 times that for T. araraticum. The results show that in the wild state the Emmer and Timopheevi groups are clearly differentiated and that T. dicoccoides has much greater variation than T. araraticum, suggesting a relatively recent origin for the latter and therefore a diphyletic origin for these species.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The nucleotide sequence of a region encompassing about 5,200 base pairs (bp) of the left side of the origin of replication in the long unique region of the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) has been determined. This region contained the major DNA-binding protein or the infected-cell protein 8 (ICP 8) gene and 5′-part of the counterpart of HSV-1 ICP 18.5 gene. A comparison of the nucleotide sequence of the ICP 8 gene between HSV-1 and HSV-2 showed an 89.8% homology. A primer extension analysis for the HSV-2 ICP 8 mRNA showed that the major transcriptional start site was mapped at 315 bp upstream of the initiation codon. A comparison of the predicted functional amino acid sequence of the ICP 8 between HSV-1 and HSV-2 revealed a striking homology (97.2%), the value of which was the highest among those of the other poly-peptides encoded by HSV-1 and HSV-2. Some domains, which were shown to be required for the nuclear function, the binding to single-stranded DNA and the nuclear localization were well conserved. In addition, the nucleotide and the functional amino acid sequences of a part of the HSV-2 conterpart of the HSV-1 ICP 18.5 gene were also compared, demonstrating an 88.4% and 95.9% homology, respectively.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We previously isolated glycoprotein C (gC)-negative herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) mutants, TN-1, TN-2 and TN-3, from a patient with recurrent herpetic keratitis at one-year intervals. In the present study, the molecular basis for the inability of these clinical isolates to express gC was examined. The nucleotide sequence of the gC gene of the TN-1 strain was compared with that of the HSV-1 KOS strain. In the open reading frame of the gC gene, there were 12 nucleotide differences between the TN-1 and KOS strains, seven of which led to amino acid substitutions. Importantly, one of them was the codon change from CAG for glutamine at position 280 to TAG for the amber termination codon. Accordingly, the TN-1 strain produced a truncated gC with a predicted molecular weight, which was secreted into the extracellular fluid. These results suggest that this amber mutation in the TN-gC gene results in a premature termination of gC translation and is the cause of the gC-negative phenotype of the TN strains. It is expected that these extremely rare HSV-1 strains will provide us with valuable information concerning the in vivo functions of gC, especially in ocular diseases.
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