Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Springer  (150)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1438-2385
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0975
    Keywords: Key words Coral recruitment ; Florida ; Juvenile corals
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Coral communities of Biscayne National Park (BNP) on offshore linear bank-barrier reefs are depauperate of reef corals and have little topographic relief, while those on lagoonal patch reefs have greater coral cover and species richness despite presumably more stressful environmental regimes closer to shore. We hypothesized that differences in rates of coral recruitment and/or of coral survivorship were responsible for these differences in community structure. These processes were investigated by measuring: (1) juvenile and adult coral densities, and (2) size-frequency distributions of smaller coral size classes, at three pairs of bank- and patch-reefs distributed along the north-south range of coral reefs within the Park. In addition, small quadrats (0.25 m2) were censused for colonies 〈2 cm in size on three reefs (one offshore and one patch reef in the central park, and one intermediate reef at the southern end), and re-surveyed after 1 year. Density and size frequency data confirmed that large coral colonies were virtually absent from the offshore reefs, but showed that juvenile corals were common and had similar densities to those of adjacent bank and patch reefs. Large coral colonies were more common on inshore patch reefs, suggesting lower survivorship (higher mortality) of small and intermediate sized colonies on the offshore reefs. The more limited small-quadrat data showed similar survivorship rates and initial and final juvenile densities at all three sites, but a higher influx of new recruits to the patch reef site during the single annual study period. We consider the size-frequency data to be a better indicator of juvenile coral dynamics, since it is a more time-integrated measurement and was replicated at more sites. We conclude that lack of recruitment does not appear to explain the impoverished coral communities on offshore bank reefs in BNP. Instead, higher juvenile coral mortality appears to be a dominant factor structuring these communities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: verapamil ; breast milk
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Concentrations of verapamil and norverapamil were measured in the plasma and breast milk of a woman receiving 120 mg verapamil three times daily. Whilst the concentrations of verapamil in breast milk averaged about 64% of those in maternal plasma no drug could be detected in the plasma of the infant. It is concluded that maternal therapy with verapamil does not pose a hazard to the suckling infant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Anaerobic growth ; Hungate technique ; Tween 80 ; Ergosterol
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Nontrachet strain 522 was successfully grown anaerobically on various glucose concentrations in Yeast Nitrogen Base (YNB) medium (pH 3.5) prepared under an atmosphere of carbon dioxide (CO2). This growth occurred in the absence of Tween 80 and ergosterol. The medium, prepared using the Hungate technique for cultivation of strictly anaerobic bacteria, contained the reducing agent cysteine·HCl·H2O (0.03%). Anaerobic growth was stimulated by the addition of Tween 80 and ergosterol to the anaerobic medium.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Coral reefs 17 (1998), S. 288-288 
    ISSN: 1432-0975
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0975
    Keywords: Key words Marine park ; Reef management ; Socioeconomic ; Montego Bay ; Jamaica
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract  This study furthers our understanding of the role of socioeconomics in coral reef management by demonstrating the importance, as well as means, of incorporating socioeconomic information into coral reef management. A case study analysis was made of the socioeconomic context of the three primary user groups in Montego Bay Marine Park, Jamaica: fishers, hoteliers and watersports operators. The primary means of data collection were document analysis, interviews with individuals representative of user groups, focus groups and participant observation. The results regarding user’s awareness, user groups’ relations with the managing agency, relations among and within user groups, resource use patterns, and sociocultural values demonstrate the need to: increase public awareness of the benefits of the Park, increase user awareness of Park management activities, increase user involvement in Park management, and develop intersectoral coordination. These findings provide useful guidance for future Park management and, in a more general context, illustrate the importance of socioeconomic assessments for reef management.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: tobramycin ; newborn infants ; intrapatient variations ; pharmacokinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Nineteen newborn infants receiving tobramycin, 2.5 mg/kg every 12 h were studied on two occasions at steady-state during the first week of postnatal age. The two studies were separated by two to four days. Total body clearance of tobramycin averaged 1.15 and 1.14 ml/min/kg (p〉0.05), apparent volume of distribution averaged 0.82 and 0.68 l/kg (p〉0.05), and elimination half-life averaged 8.6 and 7.1 h (p〉0.05), during the first and second study, respectively. When the data were further analyzed based on the birth weight, tobramycin kinetics changed during the second study compared to the first study in very low birth weight infants. In eight infants ⩽1.5 kg birth weight, although total clearance of tobramycin was similar, the average apparent volume of distribution decreased from 1.04 l/kg during the first study to 0.73 l/kg during the second study (p〈0.05) and elimination half-life from 11.1 h during the first study to 8.7 h during the second study (p〈0.05). These data indicate that these infants may require a change in dosing interval with continued tobramycin therapy during the first week of postnatal age. Intrapatient variation in tobramycin kinetics should be considered, in addition to the interpatient variation reported previously, when monitoring the serum concentration to individualize tobramycin therapy in newborn infants ⩽1.5 kg birth weight.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: acetaminophen ; pediatric patients ; fever therapy ; accumulation ; pharmacokinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Acetaminophen serum concentrations were studied in 21 infants and children with fever. The maximum serum concentrations ranged from 9.96 to 19.6 µg/ml after a single dose of 12–14 mg/kg and 13.9 to 40.1 µg/ml after a single dose of 22–27 mg/kg. Ten patients were restudied at steadystate after repeat doses had been given every 4 or 8 h for 1 to 3 days. Total area under the acetaminophen serum concentration-time curve normalized for dose averaged 0.181 (ml/min/kg)−1 after the first dose and 0.202 (ml/min/kg)−1 at steady-state (p〈0.05). Five patients showed a 13 to 44% increase in the AUC; one had a 10% decrease in the AUC; and four had less than 6% change in the AUC. There was no evidence of hepatotoxicity. These data suggest that acetaminophen may accumulate after repeated therapeutic doses in children with fever.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Hemoglobins M and unstable hemoglobins cause clinical syndromes that are transmitted in autosomal dominant fashion. Pedigrees of 50 probands with de novo mutations producing unstable Hb disease or Hb M disease were compiled. Cases were ascertained (1) by screening the relevant literature published from 1950 through 1980 and (2) through personal communication. Additional pedigree data on several published cases were collected, and a depository containing all available information rekated to de novo Hb mutants was established. The 50 probands were born in 14 countries between 1922 and 1976. Paternity was tested in 36% of the cases, and no instance of false paternity was noted. The data were used to test for an association of advanced parental age with the appearance of de novo mutants. Paternal ages at the probands' births ranged from 20 to 50 years, with a mean of 32.7 years. Maternal ages ranged from 18 to 43 years, with a mean of 28.5 years. For each year and country (or, where necessary, for the nearest possible year and/or a demographically similar country), the cumulative frequency distributions of the ages of parents who had a child in that country and year were computed; the ages of each proband's father and mother were then expressed as percentiles on these distributions. The distribution of paternal age percentiles was shifted toward the upper end of the range, with 11 of the 50 paternal ages falling between the 90th and 100th percentiles. The distribution of maternal age percentiles was more complex, with one peak (10 of 50 ages) falling between the 30th and 40th percentiles and a second peak (10 of 50 ages), between the 90th and 100th percentiles. These distributions, though suggestive of an association of advanced parental age and the appearance of de novo mutations that cause unstable Hb disease or methemoglobinemic cyanosis, were not significantly different from those uniform distributions expected in the absence of a parental age effect.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary A rapid, semiautomated system to quantitate and analyze leukocyte shape and locomotion was developed. Video images of moving leukocytes were obtained using a Vidicon camera mounted on a Nikon phase microscope. The video signal was either inputted directly, or indirectly via a video cassette recorder, to a Datacube video analog-digital, digital-analog converter. A Digital Equipment Corporation LSI 11/23 computer using the RT-11/TSX-Plus operating system and computer programs written in FORTRAN and MARCO assembly language permitted image segmentation, image display, and calculation of position, speed, direction of movement and orientation of each leukocyte at 10 s intervals. These data were stored on a winchester disk for subsequent evaluation of the leukocyte orientation, speed and direction of movement using statistical and graphical methods. The reproducibility of measurements made with the video system was tested by comparison with manual measurements; a correlation coefficient of 0.998 was obtained for the two methods. Rates of chemokinesis were then determined for unstimulated and chemokinetically stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and found to average 12.8 μm/min and 18.1 μm/min, respectively. The high speed, ease of data analysis, and potential for multiparameter evaluation makes this system useful for directly evaluating leukocyte locomotion.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...