Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-7284
    Keywords: Candida ; Torulopsis ; Subspecies Discrimination ; Antibiotypes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A study of the antibiotypes of 764 isolates of the genera Candida and Torulopsis from different clinical specimens is reported. The typing method was based on the susceptibility results obtained by the standardized and partially automated kit ATB-Fungus (API-bioMérieux), giving to each strain a code of six figures, according to these criteria: susceptibility to 5-fluorocytosine, amphotericin B, nystatin, miconazole, econazole, and ketoconazole. Candida albicans serotypes were determined by the Candida Check test (latron, Japan). Twenty-six antibiotypes were found in C. albicans (482 isolates), 21 types in serotype A, and 15 in serotype B strains. Candida parapsilosis (115 isolates) was divided into 11 antibiotypes, Torulopsis glabrata (53 isolates) into five, Candida guilliermondii (36 isolates) into 10 and Candida tropicalis (31 isolates) into eight. Depending on the sample origin, 000000 (susceptibility to all the antifungals tested) was the predominant C. albicans antibiotype (92.9% of blood isolates, 41.2% of vaginal isolates, 33.3% of respiratory isolates, 31.01% or oral and digestive tract isolates, and 25.0% of nail and skin isolates). No predominant antibiotypes were found in strains from respiratory tract, skin ad nails. A reproducibility close to 99% was found with the test. Simplicity and standardization could make this method useful for typing Candida and Torulopsis isolates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; heat shock mannoproteins ; secretory IgA ; stress mannoproteins
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The presence of heat shock mannoproteins (HSMPs) reactive with sIgA was demonstrated in several C. albicans strains. The subculture of the C. albicans isolated from mucosal surfaces on Sabouraud's dextrose agar at 25 °C switched off the HSMP expression. A re-expression of the HSMPs was obtained in the same medium by shifting the temperature of incubation to 37 °C. However, expression of HSMPs in two strains isolated from deep infections was maintained during several subcultures on Sabouraud's dextrose agar at 25 °C. A glycoprotein of 200 kDa seemed to be the main HSMP reacting with vaginal sIgA. The data presented in this study suggest that factors other than temperature can influence the expression of C. albicans HSMPs and therefore these antigens should be referred as stress mannoproteins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; delayed-type hypersensitivity ; antibody responses
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Candida albicans E-139 produced pure mycelial and yeast cultures in a low sulphate medium at different temperatures. The influence of the morphological phase, dose and viability of the fungi on the kinetic of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and anti-mycelial and anti-yeast antibodies have been studied in mice injected intraperitoneally. The mycelial form elicited higher DTH levels than the yeast phase. This effect seems to be related to its antigenic properties. The effect of dose on the immune response depends on the viability of the fungus. The mycelial cytoplasmic antigens were more effective than the yeast ones in detecting antibodies induced during the experiments, particularly during the later stages of the observation periods, suggesting that such antigens may be useful in the serodiagnosis of Candida infections.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Albicans ID ; Candida albicans ; clinical specimens ; rapid identification ; yeasts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Albicans ID (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) is a ready-to-use medium that contains a chromogenic substrate that allows rapid detection and specific identification of Candida albicans. We have evaluated its clinical performance by culturing 846 clinical specimens from pregnant women and neonates. A 99.2% sensitivity and a 100% specificity were observed in the identification of C. albicans isolates from primary culture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; antigenic variability ; blastospores ; germ tubes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The effect of germ tube induction on the antigenic variability in C. albicans was studied in strains from blood cultures (Group I) and superficial candidiasis (Group II). When compared by immunoblotting with a rabbit antiserum, antigenic extracts from Group I strains grown as blastospores showed a higher reactivity than that of Group II strains. Major bands in Group I strains (45–47, 33, 30 kDa) were continuously expressed through the subcultures in vitro but, with the exception of the 45 kDa band, the reactivity of all of them decreased or disappeared after the tenth subculture in Group II strains. The induction of the germ tubes produced the re-expression of the antigens lost during subculture in the yeast form, the effect being very clear in Group II strains. The re-expression by C. albicans germ tubes of antigens lost during subculture of blastospores in vitro and the higher reactivity shown by Group I strains grown in mycelial phase should be taken into consideration when a test to detect anti-C. albicans antibodies is to be developed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida ; leukoplakia ; lichen planus ; biotypes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Prevalence of yeasts in 35 leukoplakia and 34 oral lichen planus patients was compared with that observed in persons without oral diseases. Serotype and morphotype were determined on Candida albicans isolates. Yeasts were isolated from the oral cavity specimens of 43.7% of the patients. C. albicans (serotype A) was the predominant species (76% in leukoplakia, 88.2% in lichen planus and 60.8% in healthy persons). Sixteen morphotypes were encountered on malt extract agar, being 732, 733, 734, 753 and 754 the most frequently found. Morphotypes SP1N and SP1Y were the most common on Sabouraud-trypheniltetrazolium agar (68.4% of the isolates from leukoplakia and 73.3% from lichen planus, but only 46.6% of the isolates from healthy oral mucosa showed SP1N morphotype). Presence of oral lesions was associated with a marked reduction in the yeast species and C. albicans biotypes, suggesting that C. albicans and particularly some of its biotypes, show a high potential of adaptation to the changes associated with the development of oral leukoplakia and lichen planus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Pure mycelial and yeast cultures of Candida albicans were produced in a low sulphate medium. Groups of mice were injected subcutaneously with increasing doses of viable or heat-killed mycelial or yeast cells and the kinetics of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), anti-mycelial and anti-yeast antibodies were studied. Both the dose and the morphological phase of C. albicans showed an influence on the development of the DTH, but the viability is the factor which showed the highest influence on this reaction, since on the one hand mice infected with viable yeast or mycelial cells developed higher DTH levels than mice injected with heat killed cells, and on the other hand this factor seems to play an important role in the kinetics of DTH response. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay has been adapted to detect antibodies to yeast and mycelial phase cytoplasmic antigens of C. albicans. In contrast with the DTH reactions, neither dose, morphological phase nor viability played an important role on the antibody titer developed. However, the use of mycelial cytoplasmic antigens seems to be better than the yeasts to detect anti -Candida antibodies over the last days studied.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...