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  • 1
    ISSN: 1435-165X
    Keywords: Key words Eating disorders adolescents ; personality characteristics ; prediction ; outcome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Results of studies on predictive factors in eating disorders have not been very clear until now. Attention has focused primarily on the predictive value of eating behaviour, duration of illness, comorbidity, and population characteristics for groups with mixed eating disorders, but lately several studies have concentrated on the influence of psychological and personality characteristics. In this 4-year prospective follow-up study of 49 eating-disordered adolescent patients, the predictive value of psychological factors and personality characteristics for the course of eating disorders is determined and discussed. The prognostic power of psychological variables measured by means of the Eating Disorder Inventory and the Dutch Personality Questionnaire is found to be stronger than that of behavioral factors and population characteristics and is different for anorectic and bulimic patients. For restricting anorectics, strong maturity fears predict poor outcome after four years, while for bulimic anorectics a longer duration of illness is related to poor prognosis. For patients with bulimic characteristics low self-esteem at admission is predictive of poor outcome.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1435-165X
    Keywords: Key words Classification – DSM – clinical statistics – health statistics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  DSM data are often used to build statistics on the types of patients to whom mental health services are offered. These statistics are normally based on broad categories that cluster finer subcategories for specific diagnoses. These broad categories can be built in a number of ways. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the choices made in forming broad DSM categories, by observing the resulting differences in clinical health statistics. Results based on 3496 clinical cases show that DSM-III-(R) classifications can be presented in different formats, leading to different outcomes. To avoid wrong conclusions based on one format, DSM statistics should always be presented in varying formats.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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