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  • The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)  (1)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: Purpose: Previous studies have indicated an important role for pleckstrin homology domain-interacting protein (PHIP) as a marker and mediator of melanoma metastasis. Here we aimed to confirm the role of PHIP copy number in successive stages of melanoma progression. Experimental Design: PHIP copy number was examined using FISH in three independent cohorts by recording the percentage of cells harboring ≥3 copies of PHIP . The impact of PHIP copy number on survival was assessed using Cox regression analysis. The enrichment of PHIP was assessed in various molecular melanoma subtypes. PHIP expression was analyzed in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) melanoma cohort. Results: Elevated PHIP copy number was significantly predictive of reduced distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS), and increased prevalence of ulceration in primary melanoma (cohort No. 1). By multivariate analysis, PHIP FISH scores were independently predictive of DMFS and DSS. PHIP copy number was enriched in metastatic melanomas harboring mutant NRAS or expressing PTEN protein (cohort No. 2). PHIP copy number was significantly elevated in metastatic melanomas when compared with matched primary tumors from the same patient (cohort No. 3). Several of these associations were replicated using TCGA cohort analysis. Conclusions: These results underscore the important role of PHIP copy-number elevation in melanoma progression, and identify molecular subtypes of melanoma in which PHIP is enriched. Finally, as elevated PHIP copy number appears to be selected for during the progression of primary to metastatic melanoma, these results confirm PHIP as a promising therapeutic target for melanoma. Clin Cancer Res; 24(17); 4119–25. ©2018 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
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