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  • BMJ Publishing  (1)
  • The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics  (1)
  • 2015-2019  (2)
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  • 2015-2019  (2)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-02-18
    Description: Objectives This study aim to investigate the incidence, timing and risk factors of metachronous pulmonary recurrence after curative resection in patients with rectal cancer. Design A retrospective cohort study. Setting This study was conducted at a tertiary referral cancer hospital. Participants A total of 404 patients with rectal cancer who underwent curative resection from 2007 to 2012 at Beijing Hospital were enrolled in this study. Interventions The pattern of recurrence was observed and evaluated. Primary and secondary outcome measures The incidence and timing of recurrences by site were calculated, and the risk factors of pulmonary recurrence were analysed. Results The 5-year disease-free survival for the entire cohort was 77.0%. The most common site of recurrence was the lungs, with an incidence of 11.4%, followed by liver. Median interval from rectal surgery to diagnosis of pulmonary recurrence was much longer than that of hepatic recurrence (20 months vs 10 months, P=0.022). Tumour location, pathological tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and positive circumferential resection margin were identified as independent risk factors for pulmonary recurrence. A predictive model based on the number of risk factors identified on multivariate analysis was developed, 5-year pulmonary recurrence-free survival for patients with 0, 1, 2 and 3 risk factors was 100%, 90.4%, 77.3% and 70.0%, respectively (P〈0.001). Conclusions This study emphasised that the lung was the most common site of metachronous metastasis in patients with rectal cancer who underwent curative surgery. For patients with unfavourable risk profiles, a more intensive surveillance programme that could lead to the early detection of recurrence is strongly needed.
    Keywords: Open access, Gastroenterology and hepatology
    Electronic ISSN: 2044-6055
    Topics: Medicine
    Published by BMJ Publishing
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-08-11
    Description: Previous evidence has suggested that puerarin may attenuate cardiac hypertrophy; however, the potential mechanisms have not been determined. Moreover, the use of puerarin is limited by severe adverse events, including intravascular hemolysis. This study used a rat model of abdominal aortic constriction (AAC)-induced cardiac hypertrophy to evaluate the potential mechanisms underlying the attenuating efficacy of puerarin on cardiac hypertrophy, as well as the metabolic mechanisms of puerarin involved. We confirmed that puerarin (50 mg/kg per day) significantly attenuated cardiac hypertrophy, upregulated Nrf2, and decreased Keap1 in the myocardium. Moreover, puerarin significantly promoted Nrf2 nuclear accumulation in parallel with the upregulated downstream proteins, including heme oxygenase 1, glutathione transferase P1, and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1. Similar results were obtained in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) treated with angiotensin II (Ang II; 1 μ M) and puerarin (100 μ M), whereas the silencing of Nrf2 abolished the antihypertrophic effects of puerarin. The mRNA and protein levels of UGT1A1 and UGT1A9, enzymes for puerarin metabolism, were significantly increased in the liver and heart tissues of AAC rats and Ang II–treated NRCMs. Interestingly, the silencing of Nrf2 attenuated the puerarin-induced upregulation of UGT1A1 and UGT1A9. The results of chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that the binding of Nrf2 to the promoter region of Ugt1a1 or Ugt1a9 was significantly enhanced in puerarin-treated cardiomyocytes. These results suggest that Nrf2 is the key regulator of antihypertrophic effects and upregulation of the metabolic enzymes UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 of puerarin. The autoregulatory circuits between puerarin and Nrf2-induced UGT1A1/1A9 are beneficial to attenuate adverse effects and maintain the pharmacologic effects of puerarin.
    Print ISSN: 0022-3565
    Electronic ISSN: 1521-0103
    Topics: Medicine
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