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  • The American Association of Immunologists (AAI)  (1)
  • The International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR)  (1)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-05-31
    Description: Background/Aim: Glioblastoma is a recalcitrant and poorly understood disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of moesin up-regulation on tumor progression in an orthotopic nude-mouse model of human glioblastoma. Materials and Methods: U87-GFP glioblastoma cells, transfected with either U87-H4645 (moesin up-regulated) or U87-H149 (vector control) were orthotopically implanted into the brains of nude mice. Moesin expression in the tumors was analyzed with RT-PCR and western blotting. Real-time fluorescence imaging was used to longitudinally and non-invasively quantitate tumor growth. The expression of cancer-related genes β-catenin, CD44, MMP-2, ICAM-1, and PCNA in the tumor was analyzed by RT-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry in both sublines. Results: The expression levels of moesin mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the glioblastoma derived from transfected U87-H4645 cells compared to the vector control and untransfected cells. Tumor growth rate and final tumor weight were significantly increased in the animals with the glioblastoma derived from transfected U87-H4645 cells, compared to untransfected and vector control (p〈0.01). mRNA expression of β-catenin, CD44, ICAM-1, and MMP-2 in the glioblastoma derived from the transfected U87-H4645 tumors was significantly increased compared with tumors derived from untransfected and vector-control U87 cells (p〈0.01). Furthermore, a similar increase in the expression of these proteins was observed by western blotting or immunohistochemistry. Conclusion: Up-regulation of moesin expression in glioblastoma cells resulted in more aggressive orthotopic glioblastoma growth in nude mice. This effect may be mediated by the regulation of several proliferation-, adhesion-, and invasion-related cancer genes, which may serve as future therapeutic targets for this recalcitrant disease.
    Print ISSN: 0250-7005
    Electronic ISSN: 1791-7530
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) induces significantly elevated levels of cytokines and chemokines, leading to local or systemic inflammation and severe complications. As shown in our previous study, microRNA (miR) 302c regulates influenza A virus–induced IFN expression by targeting NF-B-inducing kinase. However, little is known about the role of the miR-302 cluster in EV71-mediated proinflammatory responses. In this study, we found that the miR-302 cluster controls EV71-induced cytokine expression. Further studies demonstrated that karyopherin α2 (KPNA2) is a direct target of the miR-302 cluster. Interestingly, we also found that EV71 infection upregulates KPNA2 expression by downregulating miR-302 cluster expression. Upon investigating the mechanisms behind this event, we found that KPNA2 intracellularly associates with JNK1/JNK2 and p38, leading to translocation of those transcription factors from the cytosol into the nucleus. In EV71-infected patients, miR-302 cluster expression was downregulated and KPNA2 expression was upregulated compared with controls, and their expression levels were closely correlated. Taken together, our work establishes a link between the miR-302/ KPNA2 axis and EV71-induced cytokine expression and represents a promising target for future antiviral therapy.
    Print ISSN: 0022-1767
    Electronic ISSN: 1550-6606
    Topics: Medicine
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