Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Many processes in the CNS depend on calcium. The calcium signal is transduced into an intracellular response via Ca2+-binding proteins, including calbindin D-28K. In many laboratories, polyclonal antibodies against chicken in testinal calbindin D-28K have been used to study its localization in the brain (normal and degenerated) of various species, including humans, but some of these antisera cross-reacted with other proteins, including calretinin. We purified recombinant rat brain calbindin D-28K to raise antisera in rabbits and purified a recombinant rat–chicken calbindin D28K hybrid protein to immunize mice for the generation of monoclonal antibodies. These antisera were highly specific for calbindin D-28K, as demonstrated by two-dimensional Western blotting analysis. Immunohistochemical analyses combined with in situ hybridization studies demonstrated that calbindin D-28K in the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum is independent of vitamin D. The antibodies described here will be important tools for studying the regulation of expression of calbindin D-28K and its biological function in the brain and in the PNS.
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