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  • Articles  (4)
  • Wiley-Blackwell  (4)
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  • Articles  (4)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 78 (1971), S. 243-250 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Cellular electrophoretic mobility, and therefore, surface charge/ unit area, was found to be constant throughout the cell cycle of synchronized L5178-Y mouse lymphoblasts, remaining at - 1.21 μ sec-1 V-1 cm. Measured cell volumes of these synchronized cells increased linearly over the cell cycle and at mitosis each cell divided into two cells, each cell having half of the parent volume. An hypothesis is presented which explains the presence of a mobility peak at mitosis in cells which normally are grown attaching to a glass surface on the basis of differential morphological changes during mitosis; cells such as the L5178-Ys, which do not attach to glass normally, do not undergo such morphological changes at mitosis and, therefore, would not demonstrate a mobility peak at that time.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Previous studies with mammalian cultured cells have shown that volume regulation in hypotonic medium requires active Na transport. In the present study, determinations of intracellular Na and K content were made in cultured mouse lymphoblasts during the process of swelling and subsequent shrinking (volume regulation) in hypotonic medium. Na and K content were measured in cells in which the shrinking phase was inhibited by the cardiac glycoside, ouabain. In osmotically-shocked cells, an initial permeability increase to K, and not Na, was observed, which allowed K to diffuse out rapidly, down its gradient. Na, meanwhile, rapidly flowed inward with water entry during the swelling process, and was later lost with the same kinetics as the cell shrinkage. This loss of Na was prevented in the presence of ouabain. The results imply that volume regulation is achieved by pumping Na gained during swelling out of the cells, while any K taken up by the pump is rapidly lost through a more permeable membrane. The loss of osmotically active Na, presumably with accompanying anions, allows water to passively diffuse down its osmotic gradient, reducing cell volume subsequent to the initial passive swelling, during which K was rapidly lost.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 87 (1976), S. 377-387 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Cellular growth has been found to be directly related to the amount of sodium pumping activity in mouse lymphoblasts (L5178-Y) cultured in varying concentrations of the cardiac glycoside, ouabain. No short-term adaptation (within one generation) occurred; i.e., neither growth rate nor (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activity increased in cells cultured for 1-2 days in ouabain.Growth inhibition commenced after two hours, occurring concomitantly with decreased 3H-leucine incorporation into protein. The time course of this inhibition of protein synthesis, measured by leucine incorporation was similar to, but slightly slower than the time course of the dissipation of the sodium gradient. On the other hand, 3H-thymidine incorporation is unaffected by ouabain treatment over the same period. The uptake of 3H-alanine, a neutral amino acid thought to be transported via a Na+-dependent carrier, was depressed concurrently with the sodium gradient dissipation. It is suggested, therefore, that ouabain inhibition of cellular growth results primarily from the dissipation of the sodium gradient leading to decreased Na+-dependent transport of amino acids (e.g., alanine) and, therefore, decreased protein synthesis, as observed by leucine incorporation.A sensitive and rapid method for determining ouabain inhibition of cell volume regulation is also described, which may prove potentially useful for assaying Na pump activity.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: A Coulter-orifice pulse-height analyzer system was used to measure volume spectra of mammalian cells in suspension at different times after the addition of an equal volume of water. In appropriate hypotonic medium, cultured mammalian cells rapidly increase in volume and then shrink, more slowly, approaching their initial volumes within 20 to 30 minutes at 37.5°C. The shrinking phase was found to be reversibly inhibited by ouabain and inhibited in both K+-free and Na+-free solutions; neither choline+ nor Li+ could substitute for extracellular Na+ in supporting the shrinking phenomenon but Rb+ and Cs+ were fairly good substitutes for K+.Under conditions similar to those with which the shrinking phenomenon was observed with cultured cells, it was not found with either human or mouse red blood cells.Two methods were used to determine intracellular Na+ and K+ content in osmotically shocked cells and in unshocked controls. An isotope equilibration method was employed with L5178-Y mouse lymphoblasts and a chemical determination by flame photometry was used with Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. The K+ content was significantly reduced and the Na+ content was unchanged or somewhat increased in cells which had returned to their original volumes in hypotonic medium. The K+ content was even more reduced but the Na+ content was greatly increased in cells which were osmotically shocked in the presence of ouabain.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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