Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
In propene polymerization over the MgCl2-supported TiCl4/dioctylphthalate (DOP) catalyst, the weight- and number-average molecular weights and the molecular weight distribution (MWD) of polypropene products and of the isotactic and atactic polymer portions were studied. The average molecular weights and MWD were found to be independent of time. The isotactic polymer had higher molecular weight and broader distribution than the atactic portion by almost an order of magnitude. An increase in temperature and cocatalyst/catalyst ratio resulted in lowering molecular weight due to increasing transfer reaction. Alkyl aluminum was used as a cocatalyst, and the molecular weight did not vary significantly with different alkyl groups. Of the three external bases studied, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl piperidine (TMPIP), dimethoxydiphenyl silane (DMDPS), and t-butylmethyl ether (TBME), the addition of a small amount of one of the first two bases caused a substantial increase in both molecular weight and polydispersity of the isotactic polymer. Those increases leveled off quickly with increasing amounts of the external base. On the other hand, both average molecular weights and polydispersity of the atactic polymer decreased with a net increase in the molecular weight of the whole polymer. TBME, however, has no significant effect on either molecular weight or MWD. These effects are discussed in the context of the roles of the external base in propene polymerization. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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