Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Fatigue testing of polymers has revealed significant differences between the fatigue response of polymers and metals. Generally, fatigue failure in metals is a process of crack initiation, propagation, and failure. Also, fatigue damage in metals is cumulative and cycle dependent, but remains essentially independent of test frequency. Unlike that of metals, the fatigue behavior of polymers is influenced by viscoelastic effects. At high frequencies, softening and melting occur, and fatigue failure depends largely on the test frequency. At lower frequencies, fatigue failure becomes less sensitive to test frequency and results from crack initiation and propagation. These polymer characteristics arise from the production of hysteresis energy during fatigue. A portion of this energy is released as heat, some of which is dissipated, but most is absorbed in the sample, raising its temperature. This temperature rise leads to degradation of the material and a short fatigue life. Experiments were conducted to measure hysteresis energy and temperature rise for a talc-filled polypropylene. A mathematical model was developed to calculate the energy and temperature distribution during fatigue. Correlation of the temperature rise predicted by the model with that observed experimentally provided values for the various energy terms that quantitatively defined the thermomechanical fatigue response of this polymer.
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