Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A series of hitherto unknown N-(pent-4-enyl-1-oxy)pyridine-2(1 H)-thiones (6) were prepared from substituted pent-4-enyl tosylates or benzylic chlorides. On irradiation with incandescent light heterocycles 6 liberated alkoxy radicals 2, which were studied for rearrangement reactions. Surprisingly, all transformations involving the 1-phenylpent-4-enyl-1-oxy radical (2a), for example, to give the substituted thioether 8, 2-bro-momethyl-5-phenyltetrahydrofuran (11), or the tetrahydrofuran 14a, were not stereoselective. On the other hand 2-, 3- mono-, and 1,5-disubstituted pent-4-enyl-1-oxy radicals 2d-e and 2g cyclized in good yields and with good to excellent stereoselectivities to give the corresponding 2,4-cis- and 2,3-trans-phenyltetra-hydrofurfuryl radicals 3d-e, and the trans-2-benzyl-5-methyl substituted intermediate 3g. The major reaction mode of the 4-phenylpent-4-enyl-1-oxy radical (2f) was the 6-endo cyclization, which afforded 3-phenyltetrahydropyran (13f) as the major product (endo:exo = 93:7) after trapping with hydrogen donors. According to the experimental data of the present study, the unusual reactivity of the 1-phenylpent-4-enyl-1-oxy radical (2a) in 5-exo-trig ring closures could be caused by a coplanar arrangement of the benzyloxy moiety in the transition state of the cyclization. This interaction would lock the radical center in 2a in a preferred conformation, which would result in similar steric effects for both cis- and trans- cyclizations.
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