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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Quiescent 3T3 cells can be stimulated to enter S by defined factors. When used in combination, three polypeptide hormones (EGF, vasopressin, and insulin), or a tumor promotor and insulin, are very effective in stimulating DNA synthesis. Like serum, the defined factors also stimulate deoxyglucose uptake and induce the synthesis of ornithine decarboxylase during G1. The second stage of deoxyglucose uptake and the induction of ornithine decarboxylase are protein synthesis-dependent events. When added with the growth factors, mouse interferon inhibits the synthesis of DNA and the induction of ornithine decarboxylase but has no effect on the uptake of deoxyglucose. Kinetic experiments comparing the effect of inhibitors of translation or transcription on induction of ornithine decarboxylase with the effect of interferon suggest that interferon may affect the synthesis of enzyme by inhibiting both transcription and translation of message. The findings provide further support for the proposition that interferon exerts a differential effect on mitogen-stimulated events which are dependent on continuous protein synthesis.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 95 (1978), S. 95-103 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The in vitro life span and rate of growth of calf lens cells cultured in serum-supplemented 199 medium can be markedly increased by growing the cells with a layer of mitomycin-killed 3T6 feeders. In the absence of feeders, the epithelial cells are partially blocked in the S period of the cell cycle but show a normal distribution of cells in G1 and G2 when grown with fibroblasts. Increased growth rates and division potential can also be achieved by growing the lens in 199 medium containing 10-5 M thymidine, and cells grown under these conditions show a normal growth cycle. Our results suggest that lens epithelial cells cultured in medium 199 show a deficient endogenous synthesis of thymidylic acid, and fibroblast feeders or exogenously added thymidine enable them to overcome this deficiency. When grown in the presence of 10-5 M thymidine, the lens epithelial cells show a very low serum requirement for cell division in short term culture.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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