Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Variable-temperature UV-vis, 13C NMR and IR studies showed that proton-transferred complexes were formed between phenols and amines in apolar solvents at low temperature. Upon cooling a solution of p-nitrophenol and diisopropylamine in toluene, the colour of the solution changed from colourless to yellow. This thermochromism was ascribed to the proton transfer in the hydrogen-bonding complex. Under UV-vis conditions, butylamine and imidazole also caused similar thermochromism upon complexation with p-nitrophenol, while triethylamine, quinuclidine and pyridine did not. The thermochromic behaviour was particularly dependent on the stoichiometry of the amine and the phenol: a solution of 3,3′-dibromo-5,5′-dinitro-2,2′-biphenyldiol and diisopropylamine with a molar ratio of 1:1 showed no thermochromism, while solutions with 1:2 or higher ratios showed thermochromism, indicating that excess amine is required to obtain the proton-transferred species. These results revealed that the proton-transferred species forms in apolar solvents at low temperature if an appropriate hydrogen-bonding network between the phenol and the amine can stabilize it. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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