Life Sciences (general)
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Five 4.02-1 UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) reactors were continuously operated at 30°C under different hydrodynamic regimes for more than 120 days. The effect of the upflow liquid velocity (ULV) over the range of 0.25 to 2.0 m/h on the biological characteristics of the granules formed by treating vinasses (waste water of alcohol distilleries) from sugar cane molasses was investigated constantly maintaining the volumetric loading rate (VLR) (8 g COD/l · d). Granular sludge was found at all the ULV tested. The size, shape, etc., of the granules indicated that the ULV had a considerable effect on the sludge cultivated in this type of system, thereby acting as a selection process for the biomass. The best results in relation to the time of appearance, size, shape, consistence, stability, composition, and the accumulation were observed in the ULV range between 0.25 and 0.5 m/h.Microscopic studies of the granules using optical and epifluorescence microscopes and the scanning electron micrograph (SEM) showed a heterogeneous biomass and revealed the cell characteristics.
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