Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The mixing of electrically conducting polymers in the undoped state with flexible polymers has been limited due to the stiffness of the delocalized coplanar backbone. The substitution with alkyl side chains has resulted in the distortion of the aromatic rings in the backbone with an increase of the flexibility. The alkyl substituents also prevent the thiophene back-bones from packing together, thus making blending with other polymers promising. We have investigated the phase behavior of poly(3-octylthiophene) (P3OT) with a flexible polymer, poly(ethylene-co-vinylacetate) (vinylacetate composition 20%, EVA20), and defined a miscibility window based on melting point data, on cloud point measurements, and on analysis by optical microscopy. The miscible region has been studied by UV-VIS and CPMAS NMR spectroscopies. A UV absorption in the visible region originates from a π-π * transition in the delocalized structure of P3OT, and a change in the length of the conjugated segment in the backbone results in a shift of this absorption. A gradual solvatochromatic shift of P3OT in the solid state with dilution was observed in the miscible region. T1 relaxation times for the methylene carbons in solid state show a gradual change in the relaxation process as a function of composition. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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