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  • 1
    ISSN: 0170-2041
    Keywords: Amino acids ; GABA analogues ; Aminocyclopropanes ; Enamines, N-silylated ; [2 + 1] Cycloaddition ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: An Efficient Route to GABA-Analogous Amino Acids: Cyclopropanation of N-Silylated Allylamines and EnaminesN-Silylated allylamines 1 are effectively transformed into methyl cyclopropanecarboxylates 2 by methyl diazoacetate under Rh2(OAc)4 catalysis. Derivatives 2a and 2b are smoothly converted into trans-substituted amino acids 6a and 6b, respectively, and to bicyclic γ-lactams 5a and 5b. The pharmacologically interesting γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogue trans-6a is now available in few steps. Photochemical and thermal Fe(CO)5-induced hydrogen shift converts allylamine derivatives 1 into N-silylated enamines 7. While enamine (E)-7a can be cyclopropanated with methyl diazoacetate under Cu(acac)2 catalysis to afford the desired cyclopropane derivatives 8a in good yield, the other enamines are rather unreactive towards the carbenoid. Use of an optically active catalyst provides 8a with an ee of 56% (cis) and 20% (trans). Acid-induced ring cleavage of 8a gives the β-formyl ester 10a, and reduction of 8a followed by desilylation provides the aminocyclopropane 14 in good overall yield, thus demonstrating that cyclopropanes like 8a can serve as useful synthetic intermediates.
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Cyclopropanecarboxylates, 2-silyloxy, methyl ; [2 + 1] Cycloaddition ; Enantioselectivity ; Asymmetric catalysis ; Copper-Schiff base complexes, chiral ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Synthesis of Optically Active Siloxycyclopropanes by Asymmetric Catalysis, I. - Influence of the Catalyst on the Cyclopropanation of (Z)-1-Phenyl-1-(trimethylsiloxy)prop-1-eneThe cyclopropanation of silyl enol ether 1a with methyl diazoacetate (2a) and diazoesters 2b-d in the presence of optically active copper salicylimine complexes 4-Cu was systematically studied. Up to 88% enantiomeric excess in products 3 were obtained by employing the appropriate reaction conditions and the optimal catalyst ligands. Thus, for the first time respectable optical yields were achieved in asymmetric cyclopropanations of silyl enol ethers with easily available copper-Schiff base catalysts. The ring opening of the separated diastereomers of 3a employing nBu4NF provided methyl γ-oxocarboxylate 6a in good optical purity. This demonstrates that this process occurs without racemization and also that 3a is formed with the same absolute configuration at C-1.
    Additional Material: 7 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Chromium complexes ; Carbene complexes ; 1,3-Dienes, electron-deficient ; [2 + 1] Cycloaddition ; Vinylcyclopropanes, donor-acceptor-substituted ; 1,1′-Bicyclopropane-2-carboxamides ; Regioselectivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The thermal reaction of Fischer carbene complex 1 with electron-deficient 1,3-dienes such as methyl (E,E)-2,4-hexadienoate (2) provided functionalized vinylcyclopropanes like 3 in good yields. Similar results were obtained by employing related unsaturated esters 4, 17, and 21 or nitrile 6. The periselectivity as well as regioselectivity of these carbene-transfer reactions are generally very high, and the diastereomer with the methoxy group cis-positioned with respect to the olefinic moiety is largely favoured (〉85:15). A mechanistic rationale of these observations is given. Double adducts were only formed as minor sideproducts in these reactions, but by employing amide 13 as electron-deficient diene they were very easily formed with 1. The [2 + 1] cycloaddition could also be extended to methylcarbene complex 24 and diene 2, but the corresponding vinylcyclopropane 25a was so far only obtained in low yield.
    Additional Material: 5 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: 2-Siloxycyclopropanecarboxylates ; Silyl enol ethers ; [2 + 1] Cycloaddition ; Asymmetric catalysis ; (Schiff base)copper complexes, chiral ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Synthesis of Optically Active Siloxycyclopropanes by Asymmetric Catalysis, II[1]. - Influence of the Silyl Enol Ether Structure on the Enantioselective Cyclopropanation with Methyl DiazoacetateOn the basis of reactions of (Z)-1-phenyl-1-(trimethylsiloxy)-1-propene (1a) with methyl diazoacetate (2) in the presence of different chiral (Schiff base) copper catalysts 4-Cu we extended our study to the silyl enol ethers 1b-1j. The highest enantiomeric excesses were obtained in most cases with catalyst 4b-Cu. Whereas cyclopropanations of 1-aryl- and 1-alkenyl-substituted silyl enol ethers 1b-1h gave moderate to good enantioselectivities (up to 80%ee), alkyl-substituted olefins 1i and 1j provided less satisfactory results. By deprotonation and alkylation of 3c, 3h, and 3i it could be established that for these cyclopropanes the predominating absolute configuration of cis- and trans-cyclopropanes is equal at C-1, but consequently opposite at C-2. The influence of the silyl enol ether structure on the enantioselectivities achieved is briefly discussed.
    Additional Material: 4 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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