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  • Chemistry  (1)
  • Organic Chemistry  (1)
  • selective antibody  (1)
  •  Cytotoxicity   (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0738
    Keywords: Key words Cyclosporin G  ;  Cyclosporin A  ;  FK506  ;  Cytotoxicity  ;  Cytochrome P-450 3A
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract FK506, cyclosporin A (CsA), and its structural analog cyclosporin G (CsG) are immunosuppressant drugs mainly metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P-450 3A (CYP 3A) oxygenase. FK506 metabolites exhibit greater toxicity than the parent drug, while CsA metabolites are far less toxic than CsA itself. The aim of our study was to compare the toxicity of CsG with CsA and FK506 as a function of CYP 3A induction. Hepatocytes from Wistar rats with or without dexamethasone (DEX) induction (200 mg/kg per day, p.o for 4 days) were used in primary culture. The DEX-inductive effect on CYP 3A was assessed by SDS-PAGE. After 6 h incubation with CsG, CsA or FK506 (5 to 200 μM), cell viability (expressed as IC50), intracellular calcium content and apoptosis were evaluated. Concerning cytotoxicity, IC50 values for CsG, CsA and FK506 were 75, 50 and 180 μM respectively in non-induced cultures, and 150, 120 and 25 μM in induced cultures. For intracellular calcium content, a dose-dependent increase was observed in all cultures. However this increase is more important for CsG and CsA in non-induced cultures (150%) compared to induced cultures (110%) at 150 μM. Conversely for FK506, this increase is greater in induced cultures (150%) than in non-induced cultures (127%). Estimation of the percentage of apoptotic cells shows similar variations. Our results show that the toxicity of the three drugs in rat hepatocytes is dependent on CYP 3A induction: increased for FK506, decreased for CsA and CsG. Moreover, with regard to the three tests used, the toxic effects of CsG are close to those of CsA, indicating that CsG metabolites are also less toxic than the parent drug.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: propranolol ; enantiomers ; immunogen synthesis ; selective antibody ; ELISA ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A selective antibody to (S)-propranolol enantiomer was produced in rabbits by immunization with a new conjugate of N-aminopropylpropranolol-albumin. A hapten was first prepared by condensing (S)-propranolol or the racemate with 3-bromopropylphthalimide followed by hydrazinolysis, and the resulting compound conjugated to serum albumin by means of a glutaraldehyde- or carbodiimide-mediated reaction. Rabbits were immunized, and titres and specificity of antibodies were determined by ELISA. The antibodies obtained were tested with (S)-, (R)-, (R, S)-propranolol, and other structural analogs. Selective (S)-antibodies recognized (S)-propranolol 20 times more avidly than (R)-isomer while an antiserum against (R, S)-propranolol recognized both (S)- and (R)-isomers to about the same degree. ©1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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