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  • 1
    ISSN: 0091-7419
    Keywords: (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-ATPase ; erythrocyte membranes ; endogenous protein activator ; Life Sciences ; Molecular Cell Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Erythrocyte membranes prepared by three different procedures showed (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-ATPase activities differing in specific activity and in affinity for Ca2+. The (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-ATPase activity of the three preparations was stimulated to different extents by a Ca2+-dependent protein activator isolated from hemolystes. The Ca2+ affinity of the two most active preparations was decreased as the ATP concentration in the assay medium was increased. Lowering the ATP concentration from 2 mM to 2-200 μM or lowering the Mg:ATP ratio to less than one shifted the (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-ATPase activity in stepwise hemolysis membranes from mixed “high” and “low” affinity to a single high Ca2+ affinity. Membranes from which soluble proteins were extracted by EDTA (0.1 mM) in low ionic strengh, or membranes prepared by the EDTA (1-10 mM) procedure, did not undergo the shift in the Ca2+ affinity with changes in ATP and MgCl2 concentrations. The EDTA-wash membranes were only weakly activated by the protein activator. It is suggested that the differences in properties of the (Mg2+ + Ca2+)-ATPase prepared by these three procedures reflect differences determined in part by the degree of association of the membrane with a soluble protein activator and changes in the state of the enzyme to a less activatable form.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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