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    Publication Date: 2011-02-01
    Description: Genetic variation in CHRNA5, the gene encoding the alpha5 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit, increases vulnerability to tobacco addiction and lung cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here we report markedly increased nicotine intake in mice with a null mutation in Chrna5. This effect was 'rescued' in knockout mice by re-expressing alpha5 subunits in the medial habenula (MHb), and recapitulated in rats through alpha5 subunit knockdown in MHb. Remarkably, alpha5 subunit knockdown in MHb did not alter the rewarding effects of nicotine but abolished the inhibitory effects of higher nicotine doses on brain reward systems. The MHb extends projections almost exclusively to the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN). We found diminished IPN activation in response to nicotine in alpha5 knockout mice. Further, disruption of IPN signalling increased nicotine intake in rats. Our findings indicate that nicotine activates the habenulo-interpeduncular pathway through alpha5-containing nAChRs, triggering an inhibitory motivational signal that acts to limit nicotine intake.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3079537/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3079537/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Fowler, Christie D -- Lu, Qun -- Johnson, Paul M -- Marks, Michael J -- Kenny, Paul J -- DA020686/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- DA026693/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- F32 DA026693/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- P30 DA015663/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- P30 DA015663-10/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- P30DA015663/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01 DA020686/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01 DA020686-05/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Mar 31;471(7340):597-601. doi: 10.1038/nature09797. Epub 2011 Jan 30.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratory for Behavioral and Molecular Neuroscience, Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Research Institute-Scripps Florida, Jupiter, Florida 33458, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21278726" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Female ; Habenula/drug effects/*metabolism/physiology ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Nicotine/*metabolism/pharmacokinetics/pharmacology ; Rats ; Receptors, Nicotinic/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Reward ; *Signal Transduction/drug effects ; Tobacco Use Disorder/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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