Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The nuclei221Ra and217Rn have been investigated in the α-decay chain225Th→221Ra →217Rn through γ-ray and conversion-electron studies. The short-lived225Th nuclei (T 1/2=8min) were produced in the226Ra(α, 5n) reaction, and γ-rays and conversion electrons were measured — between the irradiation periods — in coincidence with αparticles. In221Ra the five lowest levels are interpreted as members of aK=5/2 paritydoublet with ΔEπ=104 keV. These levels, as well as a higher-lying Kπ=3/2+ band, are consistent with an octupole deformation of221Ra, as expected from theoretical considerations. In217Rn only three excited levels are observed, with a favoured α-decay to a 5/2+ excited level thus establishing positive parity for the ground state of221Ra.
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