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  • 3-nitrobenzanthrone, 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, ADDUCTS, air pollution, Application, CANCER, CA  (1)
  • 1
    Keywords: 3-nitrobenzanthrone, 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, ADDUCTS, air pollution, Application, CANCER, CA
    Abstract: 3-Nitrobenzanthrone (3-NBA), a genotoxic mutagen found in diesel exhaust and ambient air pollution and its active metabolite N-hydroxy-3-aminobenzanthrone (N-OH-3-ABA) were tested for initiating and complete carcinogenic activity in the NMRI mouse skin carcinogenesis model. Both compounds were found to be inactive as either tumour initiators or complete carcinogens in mouse skin over a dose range of 25-400 nmol. Topical application of 3-NBA and N-OH-3-ABA produced DNA adduct patterns in epidermis, detected by P-32-postlabelling, similar to those found previously in other organs of rats and mice. 24 h after a single treatment of 100 nmol DNA adduct levels produced by 3-NBA (18 +/- 4 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) were 6 times lower than those by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA; 114 +/- 37 adducts/10(8) nucleotides). In contrast, identical treatment with N-OH-3-ABA resulted in adduct levels in the same range as with DMBA (136 +/- 25 adducts/10(8) nucleotides), indicating that initial DNA adduct levels do not parallel tumour initiating activity. When compounds were tested for tumour initiating activity by a single treatment followed by twice-weekly applications of TPA. DNA adducts formed by DMBA, but not by 3-NBA or N-OH-3-ABA, were still detectable 40 weeks after treatment. When tested for activity as complete carcinogens by twice-weekly topical application, 3-NBA and N-OH-3-ABA produced identical DNA adduct profiles in mouse skin, with adducts still detectable after 40 weeks. Only 3-NBA produced detectable adducts in other organs. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19442433
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