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    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: 4-vinylpyridine ; zinc ; complexes ; spontaneous ; copolymerization ; electron-rich ; monomers ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The spontaneous copolymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP) complexed with three different zinc salts (chloride, acetate, and triflate) with various electron-rich vinyl monomers (p-methoxystyrene, MeOSt; p-methylstyrene, MeSt; α-methylstyrene, α-MeSt; p-tert-butylstyrene, BuSt; styrene, St) was investigated in methanol at 75°C. Increasing the zinc salt concentration or the nucleophilicity of the electron-rich monomer increased the copolymer yields. All obtained copolymers are characterized by high molecular weight (105) and broad molecular weight distribution. Both 1H-NMR and elemental analyses confirmed the almost 1 : 1 copolymer structure. Changing the anion of the zinc salt does not have a considerable effect either on the copolymerization rate or on the molecular weight. The proposed mechanism exhibits the formation of a σ-bond between the β-carbons of the two donor-acceptor monomers. This creates the 1,4-tetramethylene biradical intermediate which can initiate the copolymerization reaction. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 35: 2787-2792, 1997
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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