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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-6079
    Keywords: 34.50H ; 79.20N ; 61.14F
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract We present detailed double differential distributions of electrons emitted downstream when 100 and 170 keV protons interact with thin carbon, gold and aluminuum foils and compare them to those obtained with protons and neutral hydrogen projectiles interacting with helium gas. The distributions obtained with the gas target show, besides the well known convoy electron peak produced by capture or loss of electrons into the continuum of the emerging ion, a narrow ridge that is aligned with the beam direction. This ridge, which is attributed to electrons moving in the two Coulomb center potential saddle determined by the target and projectile ions, also appears in the ion-solid electron distributions. A typical solid state effect consists in the appearance of two strong lateral humps which are explained as due to diffraction of the ridge electrons in the three dimensional lattice of the polycrystalline foil material. Contrarily the diffraction of convoy electrons is impeded by their strong correlation to the moving ions. In the case of the Aluminuun target the observed diffraction is typical for Al2O3. This indicates that the observed electrons originate from a thin polycrystalline oxyde layer close to the downstream surface of emission.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-6079
    Keywords: 34.50.Hc ; 73.30.+y ; 79.20.Rf
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Using a coaxial cylindric electron spectrometer and an electrostatic ion energy analyzer in tandem, a direct measurement of the difference of the energy of convoy peak electron and the electron equivalent ion energy of protons emerging from the downstream surface of C, Au and Al foils is performed in the proton energy range from 60 to 250 keV. This measurement is made possible using the accepted evidence that for a gas target these energies are equal. It is found that also for the beam foil convoy peak electrons, within an experimental average uncertainty of about ±0.1 eV, there is no difference between these energies. If one accepts that the origin of convoy electrons is from inside the solid, the conclusion is that no retardation by the solid surface potential barrier, which is of the order of a few eV, is observed. This is attributed to the strong electron-ion Coulomb interaction which almost completely overshadows the force exerted on the electron by the field of the surface barrier.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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